BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuGenital injuryScrotal trauma; Straddle injury; Toilet seat injuryA genital injury is an injury to male or female sex organs, mainly those outside the body. It also refers to injury in the area between the legs, called the perineum. Considerations Injury to the genitals can be very painful. It may cause a lot of bleeding. Such injury can affect the reproductive organs and the bladder and urethra.Damage may be temporary or permanent. Causes Genital injury can occur in both women and young girls. It may be caused by placing items into the vagina. Young girls (most often less than 4 years of age) may do this during normal exploration of the body. Objects used may include toilet tissue, crayons, beads, pins, or buttons.It is important to rule out sexual abuse, rape, and assault. The health care provider should ask the girl how the object was placed there.In men and young boys, common causes of genital injury include:Having the toilet seat fall down onto the area Getting the area caught in a pant zipper Straddle injury: falling and landing with the legs on each side of a bar, such as a monkey bar or the middle of a bicycle Symptoms Symptoms may include:Abdominal pain Abdominal painAbdominal pain is pain that you feel anywhere between your chest and groin. This is often referred to as the stomach region or belly.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Bleeding Bruising Change in shape of the affected area Faintness FaintnessFainting is a brief loss of consciousness due to a drop in blood flow to the brain. The episode most often lasts less than a couple of minutes and y...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Foul-smelling vaginal or urethral discharge Vaginal or urethral dischargeVaginal discharge refers to secretions from the vagina. The discharge may be:Thick, pasty, or thinClear, cloudy, bloody, white, yellow, or greenOdor...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Object embedded in a body opening Groin pain or genital pain (can be extreme) Groin painGroin pain refers to discomfort in the area where the abdomen ends and the legs begin. This article focuses on groin pain in men. The terms "groin"...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Swelling Urine drainage Vomiting Urination that is painful or the inability to urinate Urination that is painfulPainful urination is any pain, discomfort, or burning sensation when passing urine.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Open wound First Aid Keep the person calm. Be sensitive to privacy. Cover the injured area while giving first aid.Control bleeding by using direct pressure. Place a clean cloth or sterile dressing on any open wounds. If the vagina is bleeding severely, put sterile gauze or clean cloths on the area, unless a foreign body is suspected.Apply cold compresses to help reduce swelling.If the testicles have been injured, support them with a sling made from towels. Place them on a padded cloth, such as a diaper.TesticlesThe testes are 2 egg-shaped male reproductive organs located in the scrotum. They produce sperm and the male hormone, testosterone.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article If there is an object stuck in a body opening or wound, leave it alone and seek medical attention. Taking it out may cause more damage. Do Not DO NOT try to remove an object by yourself. Seek medical help right away.Never volunteer your thoughts on how you think the injury happened. If you think the injury was the result of assault or abuse, DO NOT let the person change clothes or take a bath or shower. Seek medical help right away. When to Contact a Medical Professional A straddle injury is damage to the testicle or urinary tract. Get medical help right away if there is:A lot of swelling or bruising Blood in the urine Difficulty urinatingSeek medical help right away if there is a genital injury and:Pain, bleeding, or swelling A concern about sexual abuse Problems urinating Blood in the urine Open wound Large amount of swelling or bruising of the genitals or surrounding areas Prevention Teach safety to young children and create a safe environment for them. Also, keep small objects out of the reach of toddlers.Open ReferencesReferencesFaris A, Yi Y. Trauma to the genitourinary tract. In: Kellerman RD, Rakel DP, eds. Conn's Current Therapy 2021. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021;chap 1126-1130.Shewakramani SN. Genitourinary system. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 40.Taylor JM, Smith TG, Coburn M. Urologic surgery. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 21st ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier; 2022:chap 74.AllVideoImagesTogFemale reproductive anatomy - illustration External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries, and cervix.Female reproductive anatomyillustrationMale reproductive anatomy - illustration The male reproductive structures include the penis, the scrotum, the testicles (testes), the epididymis, the seminal vesicles, and the prostate.Male reproductive anatomyillustrationNormal female anatomy - illustration The vagina is a thin-walled tube which lies between the bladder and rectum. It is often called the birth canal, since it provides the passageway of delivery of an infant.Normal female anatomyillustrationFemale reproductive anatomy - illustration External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries, and cervix.Female reproductive anatomyillustrationMale reproductive anatomy - illustration The male reproductive structures include the penis, the scrotum, the testicles (testes), the epididymis, the seminal vesicles, and the prostate.Male reproductive anatomyillustrationNormal female anatomy - illustration The vagina is a thin-walled tube which lies between the bladder and rectum. It is often called the birth canal, since it provides the passageway of delivery of an infant.Normal female anatomyillustrationSelf Care Genital herpes - self-careRelated Information Sexual violence(Special Topic) Review Date: 10/14/2020 Reviewed By: Kelly L. Stratton, MD, FACS, Associate Professor, Department of Urology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.