BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuNummular eczemaEczema - discoid; Nummular dermatitisNummular eczema is a dermatitis (eczema) in which itchy, coin-shaped spots or patches appear on the skin. The word nummular is Latin for "resembling coins." Causes The cause of nummular eczema is unknown. But there usually is a personal or family history of:Allergies AllergiesAn allergy is an immune response or reaction to substances that are usually not harmful.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Asthma AsthmaAsthma is a chronic disease that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow. It leads to breathing difficulty such as wheezing, shortness o...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Atopic dermatitisAtopic dermatitisAtopic dermatitis is a long-term (chronic) skin disorder that involves scaly and itchy rashes. It is a type of eczema. Other forms of eczema include...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Things that can make the condition worse include:Dry skin Environmental irritants Temperature changes StressStressStress is a feeling of emotional or physical tension. It can come from any event or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous. Stres...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Symptoms Symptoms may include any of the following:Coin-shaped areas of the skin (lesions) that are red, dry, itchy, and scaly, and appear on the arms and legs Lesions may spread to the middle of the body Lesions may ooze and become crusty Exams and Tests Your health care provider can usually diagnose this condition by looking at your skin and asking about your family's medical history.A skin biopsy may be needed to rule out other similar conditions. Allergy testing may be done.Skin biopsyA skin lesion biopsy is when a small amount of skin is removed so it can be examined. The skin is tested to look for skin conditions or diseases. A...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Treatment Eczema is often treated with medicines applied to the skin. These are called topical medicines, and may include:A mild cortisone (steroid) cream or ointment at first. You may need a stronger medicine if this does not work. Other ointments or creams that help quiet the immune response may be prescribed for anyone over 2 years old, often for use on the face or other sensitive areas. Creams or ointments that contain coal tar may be used for thickened areas.You may also be asked to try a wet wrap treatment. This involves the following steps:Apply petroleum jelly (such as Vaseline) or corticosteroid ointment to the lesions. Wrap the affected area with wet bandages to keep the skin moist. This also helps the medicine work. If larger areas of the body are affected, you can wear damp pajamas or a sauna suit. Apply a warm towel or wear dry clothes over the wet bandage or wet pajamas. Follow your provider's instructions for how long to keep the area covered, and how many times a day to do the wet wrap treatment.The following measures may help improve your symptoms or prevent them from returning if your skin has cleared:Use lukewarm water when bathing and showering. Hot water can dry and irritate the skin. Take shorter or fewer baths or showers. Don't use soap. It can dry the skin. Use a gentle, mild cleanser instead. Ask your provider about adding bath oil to bath water. After bathing or showering, pat the lesions dry and apply lotion before the skin is all dry. Wear loose clothing. Tight clothing can rub and irritate the skin. Avoid wearing rough fabrics, such as wool, next to the skin. Use a humidifier in your home to help moisten the air. Outlook (Prognosis) Nummular eczema is a long-term (chronic) condition. Medical treatment and avoiding irritants can help reduce symptoms. Possible Complications A secondary infection of the skin may develop.Secondary infectionA secondary infection is an infection that occurs during or after treatment for another infection. It may be caused by the first treatment or by cha...Read Article Now Book Mark Article When to Contact a Medical Professional Contact your provider if you have symptoms of this condition.Also contact your provider if:Symptoms continue despite treatment You have signs of infection (such as fever, redness, or pain) FeverFever is the temporary increase in the body's temperature in response to a disease or illness. A child has a fever when the temperature is at or abov...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Prevention There is no known way to prevent the disorder.Open ReferencesReferencesDinulos JGH. Eczema and hand dermatitis. In: Dinulos JGH, ed. Habif's Clinical Dermatology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 3.James WD, Elston DM, Treat JR, Rosenbach MA, Neuhaus IM. Eczema, atopic dermatitis, and noninfectious immunodeficiency disorders. In: James WD, Elston DM, Treat JR, Rosenbach MA, Neuhaus IM, eds. Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 5.AllVideoImagesTogRelated Information Allergies(Condition)Atopic dermatitis(Condition)Chronic(Special Topic)Stress and your health(Symptoms)Secondary infections(Special Topic)Allergic rhinitis(In-Depth)Anxiety disorders(In-Depth) Review Date: 4/14/2021 Reviewed By: Elika Hoss, MD, Senior Associate Consultant, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. 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