BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuHydrocarbon pneumoniaPneumonia - hydrocarbonHydrocarbon pneumonia is caused by drinking or breathing in gasoline, kerosene, furniture polish, paint thinner, or other oily materials or solvents. These hydrocarbons have a very low viscosity, which means that they are very, very thin and slippery. If you tried to drink these hydrocarbons, some would likely slip down your windpipe and into your lungs (aspiration) rather than going down your food pipe (esophagus) and into your stomach. This can easily happen if you try to siphon gas out of a gas tank with a hose and your mouth.GasolineThis article discusses the harmful effects from swallowing gasoline or breathing in its fumes. This article is for information only. DO NOT use it t...Read Article Now Book Mark Article KeroseneKerosene is an oil used as a fuel for lamps, as well as heating and cooking. This article discusses the harmful effects from swallowing or breathing...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Furniture polishFurniture polish poisoning occurs when someone swallows or breathes in (inhales) liquid furniture polish. Some furniture polishes may also be spraye...Read Article Now Book Mark Article These products cause fairly rapid changes in the lungs, including inflammation, swelling, and bleeding. Symptoms Symptoms may include any of the following:Coma (lack of responsiveness) ComaDecreased alertness is the most severe state of reduced awareness and is a serious condition. A coma is a state of decreased alertness from which a p...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Coughing or grunting respiration CoughingCoughing is an important way to keep your throat and airways clear. But too much coughing may mean you have a disease or disorder. Some coughs are d...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Blue lips and fingernails (cyanosis) Fever FeverFever is the temporary increase in the body's temperature in response to a disease or illness. A child has a fever when the temperature is at or abov...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Shortness of breath Shortness of breathBreathing difficulty may involve:Difficult breathing Uncomfortable breathingFeeling like you are not getting enough airImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Smell of a hydrocarbon product on the breath Stupor (decreased level of alertness) StuporDecreased alertness is the most severe state of reduced awareness and is a serious condition. A coma is a state of decreased alertness from which a p...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Vomiting VomitingNausea is feeling an urge to vomit. It is often called "being sick to your stomach. "Vomiting or throwing-up is forcing the contents of the stomach ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Wheezing Exams and Tests At the emergency room, the health care provider will check vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure.The following tests and interventions (actions taken for improvement) may be done in the emergency department:Arterial blood gas (acid-base balance) monitoring Breathing support, including oxygen, inhalation treatment, breathing tube and ventilator (breathing machine), in severe cases Complete blood count (CBC) Chest x-ray ECG (electrocardiogram, or heart tracing) Fluids by vein (intravenous or IV) Blood metabolic panel Metabolic panelA comprehensive metabolic panel is a group of blood tests. They provide an overall picture of your body's chemical balance and metabolism. Metaboli...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Toxicology screenToxicology screenA toxicology screen refers to various tests that determine the type and approximate amount of legal and illegal drugs a person has taken.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Treatment Those with mild symptoms should be evaluated by doctors in an emergency room, but may not require a hospital stay. The minimum observation period after inhalation of a hydrocarbon is 6 hours.People with moderate and severe symptoms are usually admitted to the hospital, occasionally to an intensive care unit (ICU).Hospital treatment would likely include some or all of the interventions started in the emergency department. Outlook (Prognosis) Most children who drink or inhale hydrocarbon products and develop chemical pneumonitis recover fully following treatment. Highly toxic hydrocarbons may lead to rapid respiratory failure and death. Repeated ingestions may lead to permanent brain damage (including memory, attention and judgment deficits, chronic confusion, dementia and psychiatric problems), liver damage, and other organ damage.Chemical pneumonitisChemical pneumonitis is inflammation of the lungs or breathing difficulty due to inhaling chemical fumes or breathing in and choking on certain chemi...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article RespiratoryThe words "respiratory" and "respiration" refer to the lungs and breathing.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Possible Complications Complications may include any of the following:Pleural effusion (fluid surrounding the lungs) Pleural effusionA pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid between the layers of tissue that line the lungs and chest cavity.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Pneumothorax (collapsed lung from huffing) PneumothoraxA collapsed lung occurs when air escapes from the lung. The air then fills the space outside of the lung between the lung and chest wall. This buil...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Secondary bacterial infections When to Contact a Medical Professional If you know or suspect that your child has swallowed or inhaled a hydrocarbon product, take them to the emergency room immediately. DO NOT use ipecac to make the person throw up. Prevention If you have young children, be sure to identify and store materials containing hydrocarbons carefully.Open ReferencesReferencesKuschner WG, Blanc PD. Acute responses to toxic exposures. In: Broaddus VC, Ernst JD, King TE, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 103.Wang GS, Buchanan JA. Hydrocarbons. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 152.AllVideoImagesTogLungs - illustration The major features of the lungs include the bronchi, the bronchioles and the alveoli. The alveoli are the microscopic blood vessel-lined sacks in which oxygen and carbon dioxide gas are exchanged.LungsillustrationLungs - illustration The major features of the lungs include the bronchi, the bronchioles and the alveoli. The alveoli are the microscopic blood vessel-lined sacks in which oxygen and carbon dioxide gas are exchanged.LungsillustrationRelated Information Gasoline poisoning(Poison)Kerosene poisoning(Poison)Furniture polish poisoning(Poison)Pleural effusion(Condition)Collapsed lung (pneumothorax)(Condition) Review Date: 1/1/2021 Reviewed By: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Emeritus, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. 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