BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuEsophagitisInflammation - esophagus; Erosive esophagitis; Ulcerative esophagitis; Eosinophilic esophagitisEsophagitis is a condition in which the lining of the esophagus becomes swollen, inflamed, or irritated. The esophagus is the tube that leads from your mouth to the stomach. It is also called the food pipe. Causes Esophagitis is often caused by stomach fluid that flows back into the food pipe. The fluid contains acid, which irritates the tissue. This problem is called gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). An autoimmune disorder called eosinophilic esophagitis also causes this condition.Gastroesophageal refluxGastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the stomach contents leak backward from the stomach into the esophagus (food pipe). F...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Autoimmune disorderAn autoimmune disorder occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissue by mistake. There are more than 80 types of aut...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article The following increase your risk for this condition:Alcohol use Cigarette smoking Surgery or radiation to the chest (for example, treatment for lung cancer) Taking certain medicines such as alendronate, doxycycline, ibandronate, risedronate, tetracycline, potassium tablets, and vitamin C, without drinking plenty of water Vomiting Lying down after eating a large meal ObesityPeople who have a weakened immune system may develop infections. Infections may lead to swelling of the food pipe. Infection may be due to:Fungi or yeast (most often Candida) Viruses, such as herpes or cytomegalovirusCytomegalovirusCMV gastroenteritis/colitis is inflammation of the stomach or intestine due to infection with cytomegalovirus. This same virus can also cause:Lung in...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Symptoms The infection or irritation may cause the food pipe to become inflamed. Sores called ulcers may form. Symptoms may include:Cough Difficulty swallowing Painful swallowing Heartburn (acid reflux) HeartburnHeartburn is a painful burning feeling just below or behind the breastbone. Most of the time, it comes from the esophagus. The pain often rises in ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Hoarseness Sore throat Exams and Tests The doctor may perform the following tests:Esophageal manometry Esophageal manometryEsophageal manometry is a test to measure how well the esophagus is working.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), removing a piece of tissue from the food pipe for examination (biopsy) EsophagogastroduodenoscopyEsophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a test to examine the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and first part of the small intestine (the duodenum)....ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article BiopsyA biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue for laboratory examination.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Upper GI series (barium swallow x-ray) Upper GI seriesAn upper GI and small bowel series is a set of x-rays taken to examine the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine. Barium enema is a related test th...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Treatment Treatment depends on the cause. Common treatment options are: Medicines that reduce stomach acid in case of reflux disease Antibiotics to treat infections Medicines and diet changes to treat eosinophilic esophagitis Medicines to coat the lining of the food pipe to treat damage related to pillsYou should stop taking medicines that damage the lining of the esophagus. Take your pills with plenty of water. Avoid lying down immediately after taking the pill. Outlook (Prognosis) Most of the time, the disorders that cause swelling and inflammation of the food pipe, respond to treatment. Possible Complications If not treated, this condition may cause severe discomfort. Scarring (stricture) of the food pipe may develop. This can cause swallowing problems. A condition called Barrett esophagus (BE) can develop after years of GERD. Rarely, BE may lead to cancer of the food pipe.Barrett esophagusBarrett esophagus (BE) is a disorder in which the lining of the esophagus is damaged by stomach acid. The esophagus is also called the food pipe, an...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article When to Contact a Medical Professional Call your health care provider if you have:Frequent symptoms of esophagitis Difficulty swallowing Open ReferencesReferencesFalk GW, Katzka DA. Diseases of the esophagus. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 129.Graman PS. Esophagitis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 97.Richter JE, Vaezi MF. Gastroesophageal reflux disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 46.AllVideoImagesTogEsophagus and stomach anatomy - illustration Food is swallowed and passes through the esophagus to the stomach, where the majority of digestion takes place.Esophagus and stomach anatomyillustrationEsophagus - illustration The esophagus connects the nose and mouth with the stomach. The epiglottis folds over the trachea when a swallow occurs, to prevent the swallowed substance from being inhaled into the lungs. When a person is unable to swallow because of illness or coma, a tube may be inserted either through the mouth or nose, past the epiglottis, into the esophagus and into the stomach. Nutrients will be passed through the tube directly into the stomach.EsophagusillustrationEsophagus and stomach anatomy - illustration Food is swallowed and passes through the esophagus to the stomach, where the majority of digestion takes place.Esophagus and stomach anatomyillustrationEsophagus - illustration The esophagus connects the nose and mouth with the stomach. The epiglottis folds over the trachea when a swallow occurs, to prevent the swallowed substance from being inhaled into the lungs. When a person is unable to swallow because of illness or coma, a tube may be inserted either through the mouth or nose, past the epiglottis, into the esophagus and into the stomach. Nutrients will be passed through the tube directly into the stomach.EsophagusillustrationRelated Information Gastroesophageal reflux disease(Condition)Infectious esophagitis(Condition)Barrett esophagus(Condition)Anti-reflux surgery - discharge (Discharge)Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn(In-Depth) Review Date: 7/15/2020 Reviewed By: Michael M. Phillips, MD, Clinical Professor of Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.