BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuPolymorphous light eruptionPolymorphic light eruption; Photodermatosis; PMLE; Benign summer light eruptionPolymorphous light eruption (PMLE) is a common skin reaction in people who are sensitive to sunlight (ultraviolet light). Causes The exact cause of PMLE is unknown. However, it may be genetic. Doctors think it is a type of delayed allergic reaction. It is common among young women who live in moderate (temperate) climates.Allergic reactionAllergic reactions are sensitivities to substances called allergens that come into contact with the skin, nose, eyes, respiratory tract, and gastroin...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Symptoms Polymorphous means taking on different forms, and eruption means rash. As the name suggests, symptoms of PMLE are rash-like and are different in different people. PMLE most often occurs in spring and early summer on areas of the body exposed to the sun.Symptoms usually appear within 1 to 4 days after exposure to sunlight. They include any of the following:Small bumps (papules) or blisters Redness or scaling of the skin Itching or burning of the affected skin Swelling, or even blisters (not often seen) Exams and Tests The health care provider will examine your skin. Usually, the provider can diagnose PMLE based on your description of the symptoms.Tests that may be done include:Phototesting, during which your skin is exposed to special ultraviolet light to check if your skin develops a rash Removing a small amount of skin for examination skin biopsy to rule out other diseasesSkin biopsyA skin lesion biopsy is when a small amount of skin is removed so it can be examined. The skin is tested to look for skin conditions or diseases. A...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Treatment Steroid creams or ointments containing vitamin D may be prescribed by your provider. They are used 2 or 3 times a day at the start of the eruption. Steroid or other types of pills may be used for more severe cases.Phototherapy may also be prescribed. Phototherapy is a medical treatment in which your skin is carefully exposed to ultraviolet light. This may help your skin become used to (sensitized to) the sun. Outlook (Prognosis) Many people become less sensitive to sunlight over time. When to Contact a Medical Professional Call for an appointment with your provider if PMLE symptoms do not respond to treatments. Prevention Protecting your skin from the sun can help prevent PMLE symptoms:Protecting your skin from the sunMany skin changes, such as skin cancer, wrinkles, and age spots are caused by exposure to the sun. This is because the damage caused by the sun is p...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Avoid sun exposure during hours of peak sun ray intensity. Use sunscreen. Sun protection with broad spectrum sunblock that works against UVA rays is important. Apply generous amounts of sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30. Pay special attention to your face, nose, ears, and shoulders. Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before sun exposure so that it has time to penetrate the skin. Re-apply after swimming and every 2 hours while you are outdoors. Wear a sun hat. Wear sunglasses with UV protection. Use a lip balm with sunscreen.Open ReferencesReferencesLing TC. Polymorphic light eruption. In: Lebwohl MG, Heymann WR, Coulson IH, Murrell DF, eds. Treatment of Skin Disease: Comprehensive Therapeutic Strategies. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 196.Patterson JW. Reactions to physical agents. In: Patterson JW, ed. Weedon's Skin Pathology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Limited; 2021:chap 22.AllVideoImagesTogPolymorphic light eruption on the arm - illustration The cause of polymorphous light eruption is unknown. It usually appears 1 to 2 days following exposure to sunlight and may last up to one week. It is more common during adolescence and young adulthood, and occurs more frequently in females. It appears as recurrent redness (erythematous) and/or blistered patches (plaques). It may be an inherited disease in certain Native American groups.Polymorphic light eruption on the armillustrationPolymorphic light eruption on the arm - illustration The cause of polymorphous light eruption is unknown. It usually appears 1 to 2 days following exposure to sunlight and may last up to one week. It is more common during adolescence and young adulthood, and occurs more frequently in females. It appears as recurrent redness (erythematous) and/or blistered patches (plaques). It may be an inherited disease in certain Native American groups.Polymorphic light eruption on the armillustrationRelated Information Acne(Condition)Vesicles(Symptoms)Allergic reactions(Injury) Review Date: 6/19/2021 Reviewed By: Ramin Fathi, MD, FAAD, Director, Phoenix Surgical Dermatology Group, Phoenix, AZ. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. 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