BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuMumpsEpidemic parotitis; Viral parotitis; ParotitisMumps is a contagious disease that leads to painful swelling of the salivary glands. The salivary glands produce saliva, a liquid that moistens food and helps you chew and swallow.Salivary glandsSalivary gland infections affect the glands that produce spit (saliva). The infection may be due to bacteria or viruses. There are 3 pairs of major ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Causes Mumps is caused by a virus. The virus spreads from person to person by drops of moisture from the nose and mouth, such as through sneezing. It is also spread through direct contact with items that have infected saliva on them.Mumps most often occurs in children ages 2 through 12 who have not been vaccinated against the disease. However, the infection can occur at any age and may also be seen in college age students.The time between being exposed to the virus and getting sick (incubation period) is about 12 to 25 days.Mumps may also infect the:Central nervous system Central nervous systemThe central nervous system is composed of the brain and spinal cord. Your brain and spinal cord serve as the main "processing center" for your entir...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Pancreas TestesTestesThe testes are 2 egg-shaped male reproductive organs located in the scrotum. They produce sperm and the male hormone, testosterone.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Symptoms Symptoms of mumps may include:Face pain Fever Headache Sore throat Loss of appetite Swelling of the parotid glands (the largest salivary glands, located between the ear and the jaw) SwellingSwelling is the enlargement of organs, skin, or other body parts. It is caused by a buildup of fluid in the tissues. The extra fluid can lead to a ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Swelling of the temples or jaw (temporomandibular area) Other symptoms that can occur in males are:Testicle lump Testicle lumpA testicle lump is swelling or a growth (mass) in one or both testicles.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Testicle pain Testicle painTesticle pain is discomfort in one or both testicles. The pain can spread into the lower abdomen.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Scrotal swellingScrotal swellingScrotal swelling is abnormal enlargement of the scrotum. This is the name for the sac surrounding the testicles.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Exams and Tests The health care provider will perform an exam and ask about the symptoms, especially when they started.No tests are needed in most cases. The provider can usually diagnose mumps by looking at the symptoms.Blood tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment There is no specific treatment for mumps. The following things can be done to relieve symptoms:Apply ice or heat packs to the neck area. Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) to relieve pain. DO NOT give aspirin to children with a viral illness because of the risk for Reye syndrome. Reye syndromeReye syndrome is sudden (acute) brain damage and liver function problems. This condition does not have a known cause. This syndrome has occurred in ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Drink extra fluid. Eat soft foods. Gargle with warm salt water. Outlook (Prognosis) People with this disease do well most of the time, even if organs are involved. After the illness is over in about 7 days, they'll be immune to mumps for the rest of their life. ImmuneThe immune response is how your body recognizes and defends itself against bacteria, viruses, and substances that appear foreign and harmful....ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Possible Complications Infection of other organs may occur, including testicle swelling (orchitis).OrchitisOrchitis is swelling (inflammation) of one or both of the testicles.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article When to Contact a Medical Professional Contact your provider if you or your child has mumps along with:Red eyes Constant drowsiness Constant vomiting or abdominal pain Severe headache Pain or a lump in testicle Call 911 or the local emergency number or visit the emergency room if seizures occur.SeizuresA seizure is the physical changes in behavior that occurs during an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. The term "seizure" is often...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Prevention MMR immunization (vaccine) protects against measles, mumps, and rubella. It should be given to children at these ages:MMR immunization (vaccine)All content below is taken in its entirety from the CDC MMR (Measles, Mumps, & Rubella) Vaccine Information Statement (VIS): cdc. gov/vaccines/hcp/vi...Read Article Now Book Mark Article MeaslesMeasles is a very contagious (easily spread) illness caused by a virus.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article RubellaRubella, also known as the German measles, is an infection in which there is a rash on the skin. Congenital rubella is when a pregnant woman with rub...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article First dose: 12 through 15 months old Second dose: 4 through 6 years oldAdults can also receive the vaccine. Talk to your provider about this.Recent outbreaks of the mumps have supported the importance of having all children vaccinated.Open ReferencesReferencesLitman N, Baum SG. Mumps virus. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 157.Mason WH, Gans HA. Mumps. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 275.Patel M, Gnann JW. Mumps. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 345.AllVideoImagesTogMumps - illustration Mumps is a viral infection that leads to painful swelling of the parotid glands. The parotid glands are salivary glands located on the sides of your mouth, in front of your ears. Swelling of the parotid glands causes cheeks to puff out, many times on one side more than on the other. Mumps spreads easily by infected saliva. Mumps is preventable by getting vaccinated with the mumps vaccine, usually given in combination as the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine.MumpsillustrationHead and neck glands - illustration There are several pairs of salivary glands in different locations a major pair in front of the ears (parotid glands); two major pairs on the floor of the mouth (sublingual and submaxillary glands); and several minor pairs within the lips, cheeks, and tongue.Head and neck glandsillustrationMumps - illustration Mumps is a viral infection that leads to painful swelling of the parotid glands. The parotid glands are salivary glands located on the sides of your mouth, in front of your ears. Swelling of the parotid glands causes cheeks to puff out, many times on one side more than on the other. Mumps spreads easily by infected saliva. Mumps is preventable by getting vaccinated with the mumps vaccine, usually given in combination as the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine.MumpsillustrationHead and neck glands - illustration There are several pairs of salivary glands in different locations a major pair in front of the ears (parotid glands); two major pairs on the floor of the mouth (sublingual and submaxillary glands); and several minor pairs within the lips, cheeks, and tongue.Head and neck glandsillustrationRelated Information Acute(Special Topic)Testes(Special Topic)Central nervous system(Special Topic) Review Date: 3/25/2020 Reviewed By: Charles I. Schwartz, MD, FAAP, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, General Pediatrician at PennCare for Kids, Phoenixville, PA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. 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