BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuDevelopmental milestones record - 5 yearsNormal childhood growth milestones - 5 years; Childhood growth milestones - 5 years; Growth milestones for children - 5 years; Well child - 5 yearsThis article describes the expected skills and growth markers of most 5-year-old children. Information Physical and motor skill milestones for a typical 5-year-old child include:Gains about 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.25 kilograms) Grows about 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 centimeters) Vision reaches 20/20 First adult teeth start breaking through the gum (most children do not get their first adult teeth until age 6) Has better coordination (getting the arms, legs, and body to work together) Skips, jumps, and hops with good balance Stays balanced while standing on one foot with eyes closed Shows more skill with simple tools and writing utensils Can copy a triangle Can use a knife to spread soft foods Sensory and mental milestones:Has a vocabulary of more than 2,000 words Speaks in sentences of 5 or more words, and with all parts of speech Can identify different coins Can count to 10 Knows telephone number Can properly name the primary colors, and possibly many more colors Asks deeper questions that address meaning and purpose Can answer "why" questions Is more responsible and says "I'm sorry" when they make mistakes Shows less aggressive behavior Outgrows earlier childhood fears Accepts other points of view (but may not understand them) Has improved math skills Questions others, including parents Strongly identifies with the parent of the same sex Has a group of friends Likes to imagine and pretend while playing (for example, pretends to take a trip to the moon) Ways to encourage a 5-year-old's development include:Reading together Providing enough space for the child to be physically active Physically activeChildren should have many chances to play, run, bike, and play sports during the day. They should get 60 minutes of moderate activity every day. Mod...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Teaching the child how to take part in -- and learn the rules of -- sports and games Encouraging the child to play with other children, which helps develop social skills Playing creatively with the child Limiting both the time and content of television and computer viewing Television and computer viewing"Screen time" is a term used for activities done in front of a screen, such as watching TV, working on a computer, or playing video games. Screen ti...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Visiting local areas of interest Encouraging the child to perform small household chores, such as helping set the table or picking up toys after playing Open ReferencesReferencesBamba V, Kelly A. Assessment of growth. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 27.Carter RG, Feigelman S. The preschool years. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 24.AllVideoImagesTogRelated Information Review Date: 5/27/2020 Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.