BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuBunion removalBunionectomy; Hallux valgus correction; Bunion excision; Osteotomy - bunion; Exostomy - bunion; Arthrodesis - bunionBunion removal is surgery to treat deformed bones of the big toe and foot. A bunion occurs when the big toe points toward the second toe, forming a bump on the inner side of the foot.BunionA bunion forms when your big toe points toward the second toe. This causes a bump to appear on the inside edge of your toe.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Description You will be given anesthesia (numbing medicine) so that you won't feel pain.Local anesthesia -- Your foot may be numbed with pain medicine. You may also be given medicines that relax you. You will stay awake. Spinal anesthesia -- This is also called regional anesthesia. The pain medicine is injected into a space in your spine. You will be awake but will not be able to feel anything below your waist. Spinal anesthesia --Spinal and epidural anesthesia are procedures that deliver medicines that numb parts of your body to block pain. They are given through shots in or ...Read Article Now Book Mark Article General anesthesia -- You will be asleep and pain-free. General anesthesia --Spinal and epidural anesthesia are procedures that deliver medicines that numb parts of your body to block pain. They are given through shots in or ...Read Article Now Book Mark Article The surgeon makes a cut around the toe joint and bones. The deformed joint and bones are repaired using pins, screws, plates, or a splint to keep the bones in place.The surgeon may repair the bunion by:Making certain tendons or ligaments shorter or longer Taking out the damaged part of the joints and then using screws, wires, or a plate to hold the joint together so that they can fuse Shaving off the bump on the toe joint Removing the damaged part of the joint Cutting parts of the bones on each side of the toe joint, and then putting them in their proper position Why the Procedure Is Performed Your doctor may recommend this surgery if you have a bunion that has not gotten better with other treatments, such as shoes with a wider toe box. Bunion surgery corrects the deformity and relieves pain caused by the bump. Risks Risks for anesthesia and surgery in general include:Allergic reactions to medicines Breathing problems Breathing problemsBreathing difficulty may involve:Difficult breathing Uncomfortable breathingFeeling like you are not getting enough airImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Bleeding, blood clots, or infection BleedingBleeding is the loss of blood. Bleeding may be:Inside the body (internally) Outside the body (externally)Bleeding may occur:Inside the body when blo...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Blood clotsBlood clots are clumps that occur when blood hardens from a liquid to a solid. A blood clot that forms inside one of your veins or arteries is calle...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Risks for bunion surgery include:Numbness in the big toe. The wound does not heal well. The surgery does not correct the problem. Instability of the toe. Nerve damage. Persistent pain. Stiffness in the toe. Arthritis in the toe. ArthritisArthritis is inflammation or degeneration of one or more joints. A joint is the area where 2 bones meet. There are more than 100 different types of...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Worse appearance of the toe. Before the Procedure Tell your health care provider what medicines you are taking, including drugs, supplements, or herbs you bought without a prescription.During the week before your surgery:You may be asked to stop taking drugs that make it harder for your blood to clot. These include aspirin, ibuprofen, (Advil, Motrin), and naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve). Ask your provider which drugs you should still take on the day of your surgery. If you have diabetes, heart disease, or other medical conditions, your surgeon will ask you to see your provider who treats you for these conditions. DiabetesDiabetes is a long-term (chronic) disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Heart diseaseCoronary heart disease is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is also cal...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Tell your provider if you have been drinking more than 1 or 2 servings of alcohol each day. If you smoke, try to stop. Ask your provider for help. Smoking can slow down wound and bone healing. Tell your provider if you get sick with a cold, flu, herpes infection, or other illness before your surgery. On the day of your surgery:Follow instructions for not eating and drinking before the procedure. Take your drugs your provider told you to take with a small sip of water. Arrive on time at the hospital or surgery center. After the Procedure Most people go home the same day they have bunion removal surgery.Your provider will tell you how to take care of yourself after surgery.Take care of yourself after surgeryYou had surgery to remove a deformity on your toe called a bunion. This article tells you how to take care of yourself when you go home from the hos...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Outlook (Prognosis) You should have less pain after your bunion is removed and your foot has healed. You should also be able to walk and wear shoes more easily. This surgery does repair some of the deformity of your foot, but it will not give you a perfect-looking foot.Full recovery may take 3 to 5 months.Open ReferencesReferencesGreisberg JK, Vosseller JT. Hallux valgus. In: Greisberg JK, Vosseller JT. Core Knowledge in Orthopaedics: Foot and Ankle. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:56-63.Murphy GA. Disorders of the hallux. In: Azar FM, Beaty JH, Canale ST, eds. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 81.Myerson MS, Kadakia AR. Correction of lesser toe deformity. In: Myerson MS, Kadakia AR, eds. Reconstructive Foot and Ankle Surgery: Management of Complications. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 7.AllVideoImagesTogBunion removal - SeriesPresentation Bunion removal - SeriesPresentation Related Information Bunions(Condition)Chronic(Special Topic)Arthritis(Condition)Corns and calluses(Condition)Bathroom safety for adults(Self-Care)Surgical wound care - open(Self-Care)Preventing falls(Self-Care)Bunion removal - discharge (Discharge)Preventing falls - what to ask your doctor (Doctor Questions)Osteoarthritis(In-Depth)Foot pain(In-Depth) Review Date: 7/8/2020 Reviewed By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. 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