BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuFacial paralysisParalysis of the faceFacial paralysis occurs when a person is no longer able to move some or all of the muscles on one or both sides of the face. Causes Facial paralysis is almost always caused by:Damage or swelling of the facial nerve, which carries signals from the brain to the muscles of the face Damage to the area of the brain that sends signals to the muscles of the face In people who are otherwise healthy, facial paralysis is often due to Bell palsy. This is a condition in which the facial nerve becomes inflamed.Bell palsyBell palsy is a disorder of the nerve that controls movement of the muscles in the face. This nerve is called the facial or seventh cranial nerve. D...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Stroke may cause facial paralysis. With a stroke, other muscles on one side of the body may also be involved.StrokeA stroke occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain stops. A stroke is sometimes called a "brain attack. " If blood flow is cut off for longer th...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Facial paralysis that is due to a brain tumor usually develops slowly. Symptoms can include headaches, seizures, or hearing loss.In newborns, facial paralysis may be caused by trauma during birth.Other causes include:Infection of the brain or surrounding tissues Lyme disease Lyme diseaseLyme disease is a bacterial infection that is spread through the bite of one of several types of ticks.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Sarcoidosis SarcoidosisSarcoidosis is a disease in which inflammation occurs in the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, eyes, skin, and/or other tissues.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Tumor that presses on the facial nerve Home Care Follow your health care provider's instructions on how to take care of yourself at home. Take any medicines as directed.If the eye cannot fully close, the cornea must be protected from drying out with prescription eye drops or gel. When to Contact a Medical Professional Call your provider if you have weakness or numbness in your face. Seek emergency medical help right away if you have these symptoms along with a severe headache, seizure, or blindness.BlindnessBlindness is a lack of vision. It may also refer to a loss of vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Partial blindness mean...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article What to Expect at Your Office Visit The provider will perform a physical exam and ask questions about your medical history and symptoms, including:Are both sides of your face affected? Have you recently been sick or injured? What other symptoms do you have? For example, drooling, excessive tears from one eye, headaches, seizures, vision problems, weakness, or paralysis. Vision problemsThere are many types of eye problems and vision disturbances, such as: Halos Blurred vision (the loss of sharpness of vision and the inability to see...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article WeaknessWeakness is reduced strength in one or more muscles.Read Article Now Book Mark Article ParalysisMuscle function loss is when a muscle does not work or move normally. The medical term for complete loss of muscle function is paralysis.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Tests that may be ordered include:Blood tests, including blood sugar, CBC, (ESR), Lyme test CBC,A complete blood count (CBC) test measures the following:The number of red blood cells (RBC count)The number of white blood cells (WBC count)The tota...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article CT scan of the head CT scan of the headA head computed tomography (CT) scan uses many x-rays to create pictures of the head, including the skull, brain, eye sockets, and sinuses.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Electromyography ElectromyographyElectromyography (EMG) is a test that checks the health of the muscles and the nerves that control the muscles.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article MRI of the headMRI of the headA head MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is an imaging test that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the brain and surrounding...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Treatment depends on the cause. Follow your provider's treatment recommendations.The provider may refer you to a physical, speech, or occupational therapist. If facial paralysis from Bell palsy lasts for more than 6 to 12 months, plastic surgery may be recommended to help the eye close and improve the appearance of the face.Open ReferencesReferencesMattox DE, Vivas EX. Clinical disorders of the facial nerve. In: Flint PW, Francis HW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 172.Meyers SL. Acute facial paralysis. In: Kellerman RD, Rakel DP, eds. Conn's Current Therapy 2021. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:695-696.Smith G, Shy ME. Peripheral neuropathies. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 392.AllVideoImagesTogPtosis - drooping of the eyelid - illustration Drooping of the eyelid is called ptosis. Ptosis may result from damage to the nerve that controls the muscles of the eyelid, problems with the muscle strength (as in myasthenia gravis), or from swelling of the lid.Ptosis - drooping of the eyelidillustrationFacial drooping - illustration Facial drooping can be caused by a disorder such as Bell's palsy. This disorder is a mononeuropathy (involvement of a single nerve) that damages the seventh cranial (facial) nerve. The facial nerve controls movement of the muscles of the face. Facial droopingillustrationPtosis - drooping of the eyelid - illustration Drooping of the eyelid is called ptosis. Ptosis may result from damage to the nerve that controls the muscles of the eyelid, problems with the muscle strength (as in myasthenia gravis), or from swelling of the lid.Ptosis - drooping of the eyelidillustrationFacial drooping - illustration Facial drooping can be caused by a disorder such as Bell's palsy. This disorder is a mononeuropathy (involvement of a single nerve) that damages the seventh cranial (facial) nerve. The facial nerve controls movement of the muscles of the face. Facial droopingillustrationA Closer Look Skin wrinkles and blemishes(In-Depth)Stroke(In-Depth)Shingles and chickenpox (Varicella-zoster virus)(In-Depth)Ear infections(In-Depth)Migraine headaches(In-Depth)Lyme disease and related tick-borne infections(In-Depth)Herpes simplex(In-Depth)Parkinson disease(In-Depth)Related Information Bell palsy(Condition)Drooling(Symptoms)Watery eyes(Symptoms)Stroke(Condition)Brain tumor - children(Condition)Seizures(Symptoms)Facial nerve palsy due to birth trauma(Condition)Stroke(In-Depth)Brain tumors - primary(In-Depth) Review Date: 1/16/2021 Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. 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