BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuAnkle painPain - ankleAnkle pain involves any discomfort in one or both ankles. Causes Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain.An ankle sprain is an injury to the ligaments, which connect bones to one another. Ankle sprainLigaments are strong, flexible tissues that attach your bones to one another. They keep your joints stable and help them move in the right ways. An ...Read Article Now Book Mark Article In most cases, the ankle is twisted inward, causing small tears in the ligaments. The tearing leads to swelling and bruising, making it difficult to bear weight on the joint. In addition to ankle sprains, ankle pain can be caused by:Damage or swelling of tendons (which join muscles to bone) or cartilage (which cushions joints) Infection in the ankle joint Infection in the ankle jointSeptic arthritis is inflammation of a joint due to a bacterial or fungal infection. Septic arthritis that is due to the bacteria that cause gonorrhe...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Osteoarthritis, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, Reiter syndrome, and other types of arthritis OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder. It is due to aging and wear and tear on a joint.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article GoutGout is a type of arthritis. It occurs when uric acid builds up in blood and causes inflammation in the joints. Acute gout is a painful condition th...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Rheumatoid arthritisRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a disease that leads to inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues. It is a long-term disease. It can also aff...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Reiter syndromeReactive arthritis is a type of arthritis that follows an infection. It may also cause inflammation of the eyes, skin and urinary and genital system...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Problems in areas near the ankle that can cause you to feel pain in the ankle include: Blockage of blood vessels in the leg Heel pain or injuries Tendinitis around the ankle joint TendinitisTendons are the fibrous structures that join muscles to bones. When these tendons become swollen or inflamed, it is called tendinitis. In many case...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Nerve injuries (such as tarsal tunnel syndrome or sciatica)SciaticaSciatica refers to pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the leg. It is caused by injury to or pressure on the sciatic nerve. Sciatica is a symp...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Home Care Home care for ankle pain depends on the cause and what other treatment or surgery has taken place. You may be asked to:Rest your ankle for several days. Try to NOT put much weight on your ankle. Put on an ACE bandage. You also can buy a brace that supports your ankle. Use crutches or a cane to help take the weight off a sore or unsteady ankle. CrutchesIt is important to start walking as soon as you can after your surgery. But you will need support for walking while your leg heals. Crutches may be...Read Article Now Book Mark Article CaneIt is important to start walking soon after surgery for a leg injury. But you will need support while your leg is healing. A cane can be used for s...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Keep your foot raised above the level of your heart. When you are sitting or sleeping, place two pillows under your ankle. Ice the area right away. Apply ice for 10 to 15 minutes every hour for the first day. Then, apply ice every 3 to 4 hours for 2 more days. Try acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or other pain relievers made by the store. Pain relieversOver-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers can help relieve pain or lower a fever. Over-the-counter means you can buy these medicines without a prescript...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article You may need a brace to support the ankle or a boot to rest your ankle.As the swelling and pain improve, you may still need to keep extra weight and stress off your ankle for a period of time.The injury may take a few weeks to many months to fully heal. Once the pain and swelling are mostly gone, the injured ankle will still be a little weaker and less stable than the uninjured ankle.You will need to start exercises to strengthen your ankle and avoid injury in the future. DO NOT begin these exercises until a health care professional tells you it is safe to start. You will also need to work on your balance and agility to avoid another injury or sprain.Other advice your health care provider may give you include:Avoid putting on extra weight since this could increase strain on your ankles. Warm up before exercising. Stretch the muscles and tendons that support the ankle. Avoid sports and activities for which you are not properly conditioned. Make sure that shoes fit you properly. Avoid high-heeled shoes. If you are prone to ankle pain or twisting your ankle during certain activities, use ankle support braces. These include air casts, ACE bandages, or lace-up ankle supports. Work on your balance and do agility exercises. When to Contact a Medical Professional Go to the hospital if:You have severe pain even when you are NOT bearing weight. You suspect a broken bone (the joint looks deformed and you cannot put any weight on the leg). You can hear a popping sound and have immediate pain of the joint. You can't move your ankle back and forth.Contact your provider if:Swelling does not go down within 2 to 3 days. You have symptoms of infection. The area becomes red, more painful, or warm, or you have a fever over 100°F (37.7°C). The pain does not go away after several weeks. Other joints are also involved. You have a history of arthritis and are having new symptoms.Open ReferencesReferencesChiodo CP, Price MD, Sangeorzan AP. Foot and ankle pain. In: Firestein GS, Budd RC, Gabriel SE, Koretzsky GA, McInnes IB, O'Dell JR, eds. Firestein and Kelly's Textbook of Rheumatology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 52.Irwin TA. Tendon injuries of the foot and ankle. In: Miller MD, Thompson SR, eds. DeLee, Drez, & Miller's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 118.Osborne MD, Esser SM. Chronic ankle instability. In: Frontera WR, Silver JK, Rizzo TD, eds. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 85.Rose NGW, Green TJ. Ankle and foot. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 51.Rothenburg P, Swanton E, Molloy A, Aiyer AA, Kaplan AR. Ligamentous injuries of the foot and ankle. In: Miller MD, Thompson SR, eds. DeLee, Drez, & Miller's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 117.AllVideoImagesTogAnkle sprain swelling - illustration Mild to severe swelling and bruising can accompany a sprain to the ankle. Bruising usually indicates tearing of ligament tissue and a more severe sprain.Ankle sprain swellingillustrationAnkle sprain - illustration An ankle sprain is a common injury to the ankle. The most common way the ankle is injured is when the ankle is twisted inward (inversion injury). With this injury, ligaments that support the ankle can be torn which lead to swelling, inflammation, and bruising around the ankle. An ankle sprain injury may take a few weeks to many months to fully heal.Ankle sprainillustrationSprained ankle - illustration A sprain is caused by the twisting or bending of a joint into a position it was not designed to move. The ankle is the most commonly sprained joint. Some common symptoms of a sprain are pain around the joint, swelling, and bruising.Sprained ankleillustrationAnkle sprain swelling - illustration Mild to severe swelling and bruising can accompany a sprain to the ankle. Bruising usually indicates tearing of ligament tissue and a more severe sprain.Ankle sprain swellingillustrationAnkle sprain - illustration An ankle sprain is a common injury to the ankle. The most common way the ankle is injured is when the ankle is twisted inward (inversion injury). With this injury, ligaments that support the ankle can be torn which lead to swelling, inflammation, and bruising around the ankle. An ankle sprain injury may take a few weeks to many months to fully heal.Ankle sprainillustrationSprained ankle - illustration A sprain is caused by the twisting or bending of a joint into a position it was not designed to move. The ankle is the most commonly sprained joint. Some common symptoms of a sprain are pain around the joint, swelling, and bruising.Sprained ankleillustrationSelf Care Ankle sprain - aftercareAnkle fracture - aftercare Tests for Ankle pain Leg MRI scanRelated Information Review Date: 6/13/2021 Reviewed By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. 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