BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuPhosphorus blood testPhosphorus - serum; HPO4-2; PO4-3; Inorganic phosphate; Serum phosphorusThe phosphorus blood test measures the amount of phosphate in the blood. How the Test is Performed A blood sample is needed.Blood sampleVenipuncture is the collection of blood from a vein. It is most often done for laboratory testing.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article How to Prepare for the Test Your health care provider may tell you to temporarily stop taking medicines that may affect the test. These medicines include water pills (diuretics), antacids, and laxatives. Do not stop taking any medicine before talking to your provider. How the Test will Feel When the needle is inserted to draw blood, some people feel moderate pain. Others feel only a prick or stinging. Afterward, there may be some throbbing or slight bruising. This soon goes away. Why the Test is Performed Phosphorus is a mineral the body needs to build strong bones and teeth. It is also important for nerve signaling and muscle contraction.This test is ordered to see how much phosphorus is in your blood. Kidney, liver, and certain bone diseases can cause abnormal phosphorus levels. Normal Results Normal values range from:Adults: 2.8 to 4.5 mg/dL Children: 4.0 to 7.0 mg/dLNormal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your provider about the meaning of your specific test results. What Abnormal Results Mean A higher than normal level (hyperphosphatemia) may be due to many different health conditions. Common causes include:Diabetic ketoacidosis (life-threatening condition that may occur mainly in people with type 1 diabetes) Diabetic ketoacidosisDiabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening problem that affects people with diabetes. It occurs when the body starts breaking down fat at a r...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Hypoparathyroidism (parathyroid glands do not make enough of their hormone) HypoparathyroidismHypoparathyroidism is a disorder in which the parathyroid glands in the neck do not produce enough parathyroid hormone (PTH).ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Kidney damage or failure Kidney damage or failureAcute kidney failure is the rapid (less than 2 days) loss of your kidneys' ability to remove waste and help balance fluids and electrolytes in your b...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Liver disease Liver diseaseThe term "liver disease" applies to many conditions that stop the liver from working or prevent it from functioning well. Abdominal pain, yellowing ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Too much vitamin D Too much phosphate in your diet Use of certain medicines such as laxatives that have phosphate in them A lower than normal level (hypophosphatemia) may be due to:Alcoholism Hypercalcemia (too much calcium in the blood) Primary hyperparathyroidism (parathyroid glands make too much of their hormone) Primary hyperparathyroidismHyperparathyroidism is a disorder in which the parathyroid glands in your neck produce too much parathyroid hormone (PTH).ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Too little dietary intake of phosphate Very poor nutrition Too little vitamin D, resulting in bone problems such as rickets (childhood) or osteomalacia (adult) RicketsRickets is a disorder caused by a lack of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. It leads to softening and weakening of the bones.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article OsteomalaciaOsteomalacia is softening of the bones. It most often occurs because of a problem with vitamin D, which helps your body absorb calcium. Your body n...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Risks There is little risk involved with having your blood taken. Veins and arteries vary in size from one person to another and from one side of the body to the other. Taking blood from some people may be more difficult than from others.Other risks associated with having blood drawn are slight, but may include:Fainting or feeling lightheaded Multiple punctures to locate veins Hematoma (blood buildup under the skin) Excessive bleeding Infection (a slight risk any time the skin is broken)Open ReferencesReferencesChonchol M, Smogorzewski MJ, Stubbs JR, Yu ASL. Disorders of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate balance. In: Yu ASL, Chertow GM, Luyckx VA, Marsden PA, Skorecki K, Taal MW, eds. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 18.Klemm KM, Klein MJ. Zhang Y. Biochemical markers of bone metabolism.In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 16.Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM. Electrolyte and acid-base disorders. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 68.AllVideoImagesTogBlood test - illustration Blood is drawn from a vein (venipuncture), usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. A needle is inserted into the vein, and the blood is collected in an air-tight vial or a syringe. Preparation may vary depending on the specific test.Blood testillustrationBlood test - illustration Blood is drawn from a vein (venipuncture), usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. A needle is inserted into the vein, and the blood is collected in an air-tight vial or a syringe. Preparation may vary depending on the specific test.Blood testillustration Tests for Phosphorus blood test Phosphorus blood testParathyroid hormone (PTH) blood testRelated Information Malabsorption(Condition)Parathyroid hormone (PTH) blood test(Medical Test)25-hydroxy vitamin D test(Medical Test)Bone tumor(Condition)Calcium - ionized(Medical Test)Hypoparathyroidism(Condition)Liver disease(Condition)Acute kidney failure(Condition)Sarcoidosis(Condition)Diabetic ketoacidosis(Condition) Review Date: 11/6/2021 Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. 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