BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuMicroalbuminuria testDiabetes - microalbuminuria; Diabetic nephropathy - microalbuminuria; Kidney disease - microalbuminuria; Proteinuria - microalbuminuriaThis test looks for a protein called albumin in a urine sample.Albumin can also be measured using a blood test or another urine test, called the protein urine test.Blood testAlbumin is a protein made by the liver. A serum albumin test measures the amount of this protein in the clear liquid portion of the blood. Albumin c...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Protein urine testThe urine protein dipstick test measures the presence of all proteins, including albumin, in a urine sample. Albumin and protein can also be measured...Read Article Now Book Mark Article How the Test is Performed You will usually be asked to give a small urine sample while at your health care provider's office.In rare cases, you will have to collect all of your urine at home for 24 hours. To do this, you will get a special container from your provider and specific instructions to follow.24 hours24-hour urine protein measures the amount of protein released in urine over a 24-hour period.Read Article Now Book Mark Article To make the test more accurate, urine creatinine level may also be measured. Creatinine is a chemical waste product of creatine. Creatine is a chemical made by the body that is used to supply energy to muscles.Urine creatinineThe creatinine urine test measures the amount of creatinine in urine. This test is done to see how well your kidneys are working. Creatinine can als...Read Article Now Book Mark Article How to Prepare for the Test No special preparation is necessary for this test. Why the Test is Performed People with diabetes have an increased risk of kidney damage. The "filters" in the kidneys, called nephrons, slowly thicken and become scarred over time. The nephrons begin to leak certain proteins into the urine. This kidney damage can also start to happen before any diabetes symptoms begin. In the early stages of kidney problems, blood tests that measure kidney function are usually normal.If you have diabetes, you should have this test each year. The test checks for signs of early kidney problems.Kidney problemsKidney disease or kidney damage often occurs over time in people with diabetes. This type of kidney disease is called diabetic nephropathy.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Normal Results Normally, albumin stays in the body. There is little or no albumin in the urine sample. Normal albumin levels in the urine are less than 30 mg/24 hours.Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or may test different specimens. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your test results. What Abnormal Results Mean If the test finds a high level of albumin in your urine, your provider may have you repeat the test.Abnormal results may mean your kidneys are starting to get damaged. But the damage may not yet be bad.Kidneys are starting to get damagedKidney disease or kidney damage often occurs over time in people with diabetes. This type of kidney disease is called diabetic nephropathy.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Abnormal results may also be reported as:Range of 20 to 200 mcg/min Range of 30 to 300 mg/24 hours You will need more tests to confirm a problem and show how severe the kidney damage may be.If this test shows that you are starting to have a kidney problem, you can get treatment before the problem gets worse. There are a number of diabetes medicines that have been shown to slow the progression of kidney damage. Talk to your provider about specific medicines. People with severe kidney damage may need dialysis. They may eventually need a new kidney (kidney transplant).Kidney transplantA kidney transplant is surgery to place a healthy kidney into a person with kidney failure.Read Article Now Book Mark Article The most common cause of a high level of albumin in the urine is diabetes. Controlling your blood sugar level may lower the albumin level in your urine.DiabetesDiabetes is a long-term (chronic) disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood.Read Article Now Book Mark Article A high albumin level may also occur with:Some immune and inflammatory disorders affecting the kidney Some genetic disorders Rare cancers High blood pressure Inflammation in the whole body (systemic) Narrowed artery of the kidney Fever or exercise Healthy people may have a higher level of protein in the urine after exercise. People who are dehydrated may also have a higher level. Risks There are no risks with providing a urine sample.Open ReferencesReferencesAmerican Diabetes Association. 11. Microvascular complications and foot care: standards of medical care in diabetes - 2020. Diabetes Care. 2020;43(Suppl 1):S135-S151. PMID: 31862754 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31862754/.Brownlee M, Aiello LP, Sun JK, et al. Complications of diabetes mellitus. In: Melmed S, Auchus RJ, Goldfine AB, Koenig RJ, Rosen CJ, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 37.Krishnan A, Levin A. Laboratory assessment of kidney disease: glomerular filtration rate, urinalysis, and proteinuria. In: Yu ASL, Chertow GM, Luyckx VA, Marsden PA, Skorecki K, Taal MW, eds. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 23.Riley RS, McPherson RA. Basic examination of urine. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 29.AllVideoImagesTog Tests for Microalbuminuria test Microalbuminuria testRelated Information Urine protein dipstick test(Medical Test)Diabetes and kidney disease(Condition)Diabetes(Condition)Diabetes tests and checkups(Self-Care)Diabetes - type 1(In-Depth) Review Date: 1/26/2020 Reviewed By: Brent Wisse, MD, board certified in Metabolism/Endocrinology, Seattle, WA. 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