BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuSodium urine testUrinary 24 hours sodium; Urine Na+The sodium urine test measures the amount of sodium the urine.Sodium can also be measured in a blood sample.Blood sampleThe sodium blood test measures the concentration of sodium in the blood. Sodium can also be measured using a urine test.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article How the Test is Performed After you provide a urine sample, it is tested in the lab. If needed, the health care provider may ask you to collect your urine at home over 24 hours. Your provider will tell you how to do this. Follow instructions exactly so that the results are accurate.Collect your urine at home over 24 hourThe urine 24-hour volume test measures the amount of urine produced in a day. The amounts of creatinine, protein, and other chemicals released into ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article How to Prepare for the Test Your provider will ask you to temporarily stop taking any medicines that may affect the test result. Tell your provider about all the medicines you take, including:Corticosteroids Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Prostaglandins (used to treat conditions such as glaucoma or stomach ulcers) Water pills (diuretics) DO NOT stop taking any medicine before talking to your provider. How the Test will Feel The test involves only normal urination. There is no discomfort. Why the Test is Performed The test is often used to help determine the cause of an abnormal sodium blood level. It also checks whether your kidneys are removing sodium from the body. It may be used to diagnose or monitor many types of kidney diseases. Normal Results For adults, normal urine sodium values are generally 20 mEq/L in a random urine sample and 40 to 220 mEq per day. Your result depends on how much fluid and sodium or salt you take in.The examples above are common measurements for results of these tests. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your provider about the meaning of your specific test result. What Abnormal Results Mean A higher than normal urine sodium level may be due to:Certain medicines, such as water pills (diuretics) Low function of the adrenal glands Adrenal glandsThe adrenal glands are two small triangle-shaped glands. One gland is located on top of each kidney.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Inflammation of the kidney that results in salt loss (salt-losing nephropathy) Too much salt in the diet A lower than normal urine sodium level may be a sign of: Adrenal glands releasing too much aldosterone (hyperaldosteronism) HyperaldosteronismHyperaldosteronism is a disorder in which the adrenal gland releases too much of the hormone aldosterone into the blood. Hyperaldosteronism can be pr...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Not enough fluid in the body (dehydration) Diarrhea and fluid loss Heart failure Heart failureHeart failure is a condition in which the heart is no longer able to pump oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body efficiently. This causes symptom...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Kidney problems, such as long-term (chronic) kidney disease or kidney failure Kidney failureAcute kidney failure is the rapid (less than 2 days) loss of your kidneys' ability to remove waste and help balance fluids and electrolytes in your b...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) CirrhosisCirrhosis is scarring of the liver and poor liver function. It is the last stage of chronic liver disease.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Risks There are no risks with this test.Open ReferencesReferencesKamel KS, Halperin ML. Interpretation of electrolyte and acid-base parameters in blood and urine. In: Yu ASL, Chertow GM, Luyckx VA, Marsden PA, Skorecki K, Taal MW, eds. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 24.Oh MS, Briefel G, Pincus MR. Evaluation of renal function, water, electrolytes, and acid-base balance. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 15.Villeneuve P-M, Bagshaw SM. Assessment of urine biochemistry. In: Ronco C, Bellomo R, Kellum JA, Ricci Z, eds. Critical Care Nephrology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 55.AllVideoImagesTogFemale urinary tract - illustration The female and male urinary tracts are relatively the same except for the length of the urethra.Female urinary tractillustrationMale urinary tract - illustration The male and female urinary tracts are relatively the same except for the length of the urethra.Male urinary tractillustrationFemale urinary tract - illustration The female and male urinary tracts are relatively the same except for the length of the urethra.Female urinary tractillustrationMale urinary tract - illustration The male and female urinary tracts are relatively the same except for the length of the urethra.Male urinary tractillustrationA Closer Look Kidney stones(In-Depth) Tests for Sodium urine test Sodium urine testKetones urine testUrine chemistryUrine specific gravity testSodium blood testOsmolality urine testUrine pH test24-hour urinary aldosterone excretion testUrine 24-hour volumeChloride - urine testRelated Information Aldosterone blood test(Medical Test)Primary and secondary hyperaldosteronism(Condition)Heart failure(Condition)Acute kidney failure(Condition)Acute tubular necrosis(Condition)Hepatorenal syndrome(Condition)Autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease(Condition)Prerenal azotemia(Condition)Heart failure(In-Depth) Review Date: 7/23/2021 Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.