BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuDoppler ultrasound exam of an arm or legPeripheral vascular disease - Doppler; PVD - Doppler; PAD - Doppler; Blockage of leg arteries - Doppler; Intermittent claudication - Doppler; Arterial insufficiency of the legs - Doppler; Leg pain and cramping - Doppler; Calf pain - Doppler; Venous Doppler - DVTThis test uses ultrasound to look at the blood flow in the large arteries and veins in the arms or legs.UltrasoundUltrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to make images of organs and structures inside the body.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article How the Test is Performed The test is done in the ultrasound or radiology department, a hospital room, or in a peripheral vascular lab.During the exam: A water-soluble gel is placed on a handheld device called a transducer. This device directs high-frequency sound waves to the artery or veins being tested. Blood pressure cuffs may be put around different parts of the body, including the thigh, calf, ankle, and different points along the arm. How to Prepare for the Test You will need to remove clothes from the arm or leg being examined. How the Test will Feel Sometimes, the person performing the test will need to press on the vein to make sure it does not have a clot. Some people may feel slight pain from the pressure. Why the Test is Performed This test is done as the first step to look at arteries and veins. Sometimes, arteriography and venography may be needed later. The test is done to help diagnose:ArteriographyExtremity angiography is a test used to see the arteries in the hands, arms, feet, or legs. It is also called peripheral angiography. Angiography u...Read Article Now Book Mark Article VenographyVenography for legs is a test used to see the veins in the leg. X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation, like visible light is. However, thes...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Arteriosclerosis of the arms or legs Arteriosclerosis of the arms or legsPeripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition of the blood vessels that supply the legs and feet. It occurs due to narrowing of the arteries in the...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Blood clot (deep vein thrombosis) Blood clotBlood clots are clumps that occur when blood hardens from a liquid to a solid. A blood clot that forms inside one of your veins or arteries is calle...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Venous insufficiencyVenous insufficiencyVenous insufficiency is a condition in which the veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article The test may also be used to:Look at injury to the arteries Monitor arterial reconstruction and bypass grafts Normal Results A normal result means the blood vessels show no signs of narrowing, clots, or closure, and the arteries have normal blood flow. What Abnormal Results Mean Abnormal results may be due to:Blockage in an artery by a blood clot Blood clot in a vein (DVT) Narrowing or widening of an artery Spastic arterial disease (arterial contractions brought on by cold or emotion) Venous occlusion (closing of a vein) Venous reflux (blood flow going the wrong direction in veins) Arterial occlusion from atherosclerosisThis test may also be done to help assess the following conditions:Arteriosclerosis of the extremities Arteriosclerosis of the extremitiesPeripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition of the blood vessels that supply the legs and feet. It occurs due to narrowing of the arteries in the...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Deep venous thrombosis Deep venous thrombosisDeep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein deep inside a part of the body. It mainly affects the large ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Superficial thrombophlebitisSuperficial thrombophlebitisThrombophlebitis is a swollen or inflamed vein due to a blood clot. Superficial refers to veins just below the skin's surface.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Risks There are no risks from this procedure. Considerations Cigarette smoking may alter the results of this test. Nicotine can cause the arteries in the extremities to constrict.Quitting smoking lowers the risk for problems with the heart and circulatory system. Most smoking-related deaths are caused by cardiovascular problems, not lung cancer.Open ReferencesReferencesBonaca MP, Creager MA. Peripheral artery diseases. In: Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann DL, Tomaselli GF, Bhatt DL, Solomon SD, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 43.Gerhard-Herman MD, Gornik HL, Barrett C, et al. 2016 AHA/ACC Guideline on the management of patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease: executive summary. Vasc Med. 22(3):NP1-NP43. PMID: 28494710 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28494710/.Lockhart ME, Umphrey HR, Weber TM, Robbin ML. Peripheral vessels. In: Rumack CM, Levine D, eds. Diagnostic Ultrasound. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 27.AllVideoImagesTogDoppler ultrasonography of an extremity - illustration Doppler ultrasonography examines the blood flow in the major arteries and veins in the arms and legs with the use of ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves that echo off the body). It may help diagnose a blood clot, venous insufficiency, arterial occlusion (closing), abnormalities in arterial blood flow caused by a narrowing, or trauma to the arteries.Doppler ultrasonography of an extremityillustrationDoppler ultrasonography of an extremity - illustration Doppler ultrasonography examines the blood flow in the major arteries and veins in the arms and legs with the use of ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves that echo off the body). It may help diagnose a blood clot, venous insufficiency, arterial occlusion (closing), abnormalities in arterial blood flow caused by a narrowing, or trauma to the arteries.Doppler ultrasonography of an extremityillustrationA Closer Look Peripheral artery disease and intermittent claudication(In-Depth)Stroke(In-Depth) Tests for Doppler ultrasound exam of an arm or leg Doppler ultrasound exam of an arm or legRelated Information Ultrasound(Medical Test)Blood clots(Condition)Venous insufficiency(Condition)Arterial embolism(Condition)Aortic dissection(Condition)Peripheral artery disease - legs(Condition)Coarctation of the aorta(Condition)Deep vein thrombosis(Condition)Superficial thrombophlebitis(Condition)SVC obstruction(Condition)Peripheral artery disease and intermittent claudication(In-Depth) Review Date: 1/9/2022 Reviewed By: Jason Levy, MD, Northside Radiology Associates, Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.