BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuLiver scanTechnetium scan; Liver technetium sulfur colloid scan; Liver-spleen radionuclide scan; Nuclear scan - technetium; Nuclear scan - liver or spleenA liver scan uses a radioactive material to check how well the liver or spleen is working and to assess masses in the liver. How the Test is Performed The health care provider will inject a radioactive material called a radioisotope into one of your veins. After the liver has soaked up the material, you will be asked to lie on a table under the scanner.The scanner can tell where the radioactive material has gathered in the body. Images are displayed on a computer. You may be asked to remain still, or to change positions during the scan. How to Prepare for the Test You will be asked to sign a consent form. You will be asked to remove jewelry, dentures, and other metals that can affect the scanner's functions.You may need to wear a hospital gown. How the Test will Feel You will feel a sharp prick when the needle is inserted into your vein. You should not feel anything during the actual scan. If you have problems lying still or are very anxious, you may be given a mild medicine (sedative) to help you relax. Why the Test is Performed The test can provide information about liver and spleen function. It is also used to help confirm other test results.The most common use for a liver scan is to diagnose a condition called benign focal nodular hyperplasia, or FNH, which causes a non-cancerous mass in the liver. Normal Results The liver and spleen should look normal in size, shape, and location. The radioisotope is absorbed evenly. What Abnormal Results Mean Abnormal results may indicate:Focal nodular hyperplasia or adenoma of the liver Abscess AbscessAn abscess is a collection of pus in any part of the body. In most cases, the area around an abscess is swollen and inflamed.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Budd-Chiari syndrome Budd-Chiari syndromeHepatic vein obstruction is a blockage of the hepatic vein, which carries blood away from the liver.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Infection Liver disease (such as cirrhosis or hepatitis) Liver diseaseThe term "liver disease" applies to many conditions that stop the liver from working or prevent it from functioning well. Abdominal pain, yellowing ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article CirrhosisCirrhosis is scarring of the liver and poor liver function. It is the last stage of chronic liver disease.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article HepatitisHepatitis is swelling and inflammation of the liver.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Superior vena cava obstruction Superior vena cava obstructionSVC obstruction is a narrowing or blockage of the superior vena cava (SVC), which is the second largest vein in the human body. The superior vena ca...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Splenic infarction (tissue death) Splenic infarctionSplenic infarction is the death of tissue (necrosis) in the spleen due to a blockage in blood flow.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Tumors Risks Radiation from any scan is always a slight concern. The level of radiation in this procedure is less than that of most x-rays. It is not considered to be enough to cause harm to the average person.Pregnant or nursing women should consult their provider before any exposure to radiation. Considerations Other tests may be needed to confirm the findings of this test. These may include:Abdominal ultrasound Abdominal CT scan Liver biopsyLiver biopsyA liver biopsy is a test that takes a sample of tissue from the liver for examination.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article This test is used infrequently. Instead, MRI or CT scans are more often used to evaluate the liver and spleen.Open ReferencesReferencesChernecky CC, Berger BJ. Hepatobiliary scan (HIDA scan) - diagnostic. In: Chernecky CC, Berger BJ, eds. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:635-636.Mettler FA, Guiberteau MJ. Gastrointestinal tract. In: Mettler FA, Guiberteau MJ, eds. Essentials of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 7.Narayanan S, Abdalla WAK, Tadros S. Fundamentals of pediatric radiology. In: Zitelli BJ, McIntire SC, Nowalk AJ, eds. Zitelli and Davis' Atlas of Pediatric Physical Diagnosis. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 25.Tirkes T, Sandrasegaran K. Investigative imaging of the liver. In: Saxena R, ed. Practical Hepatic Pathology: A Diagnostic Approach. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 4.AllVideoImagesTogLiver scan - illustration After a radioisotope has been injected into a vein, a series of pictures are taken of the liver by a scanner. It is particularly valuable because it can provide information about liver function. It is also used to help confirm other test results. Liver scanillustrationLiver scan - illustration After a radioisotope has been injected into a vein, a series of pictures are taken of the liver by a scanner. It is particularly valuable because it can provide information about liver function. It is also used to help confirm other test results. Liver scanillustration Tests for Liver scan Liver scanGallium scanGallbladder radionuclide scanAbdominal CT scanAbdominal MRI scanIndium-labelled WBC scanRelated Information Liver disease(Condition)Cirrhosis(Condition)Hepatitis(Condition)Abscess(Condition)SVC obstruction(Condition)Splenic infarction(Condition)Hepatic vein obstruction (Budd-Chiari)(Condition)Amebic liver abscess(Condition)Liver cancer - hepatocellular carcinoma(Condition)Cirrhosis(In-Depth)Hepatitis(In-Depth) Review Date: 1/1/2021 Reviewed By: Jason Levy, MD, Northside Radiology Associates, Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. 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