BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuLow calcium level - infantsHypocalcemia - infantsCalcium is a mineral in the body. It is needed for strong bones and teeth. Calcium also helps the heart, nerves, muscles, and other body systems work well.CalciumThe mineral calcium helps your muscles, nerves, and cells work normally. Your body also needs calcium (as well as phosphorus) to make healthy bones. ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article A low blood calcium level is called hypocalcemia. This article discusses low blood calcium level in infants. Causes A healthy baby most often has very careful control of blood calcium level.A low calcium level in the blood is more likely to occur in newborns, more commonly in those who were born too early (preemies). Common causes of hypocalcemia in a newborn include:Certain medicines Diabetes in the birth mother Episodes of very low oxygen levels Infection Stress caused by serious illness There are also some rare illnesses that can lead to low calcium level. These include: DiGeorge syndrome, a genetic disorder. The parathyroid glands help control calcium use and removal by the body. Rarely, a child is born with underactive parathyroid glands. Symptoms Babies with hypocalcemia often have no symptoms. Sometimes, babies with low calcium levels are jittery or have tremors or twitching. Rarely, they have seizures.SeizuresA seizure is the physical changes in behavior that occurs during an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. The term "seizure" is often...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article These babies may also have a slow heart rate and low blood pressure. Exams and Tests Diagnosis is most often made when a blood test shows that the infant's calcium level is low. Treatment The baby may get extra calcium, if needed. Outlook (Prognosis) Problems with low calcium level in newborns or premature infants most often do not continue long-term.Open ReferencesReferencesDoyle DA. Hormones and peptides of calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 588.Escobar O, Gurtunca N, Viswanathan P, Witchel SF. Pediatric endocrinology. In: Zitelli BJ, McIntire SC, Nowalk AJ, Garrison J, eds. Zitelli and Davis' Atlas of Pediatric Physical Diagnosis. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2023:chap 9.AllVideoImagesTogHypocalcemia - illustration Hypocalcemia is a condition where blood levels of calcium are low. Calcium is a salt that is important to many systems in the body, especially heart and muscle function. Prolonged low calcium levels can result in poor bone formation, which may result in brittle bones that are prone to fractures.HypocalcemiaillustrationHypocalcemia - illustration Hypocalcemia is a condition where blood levels of calcium are low. Calcium is a salt that is important to many systems in the body, especially heart and muscle function. Prolonged low calcium levels can result in poor bone formation, which may result in brittle bones that are prone to fractures.HypocalcemiaillustrationA Closer Look Vitamins and Phytonutrients(In-Depth)Diabetes - type 2(In-Depth)Coronary artery disease(In-Depth)Hypothyroidism(In-Depth)Weight control and diet(In-Depth)Anemia(In-Depth)HIV and AIDS(Alt. Medicine)Nutrition(Alt. Medicine)Vitamin E(Alt. Medicine)Smoking(In-Depth) Tests for Low calcium level - infants 25-hydroxy vitamin D testRelated Information Premature infant(Condition) Review Date: 12/10/2021 Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.