BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuFeeding tube - infantsGavage tube - infants; OG - infants; NG - infants Information A feeding tube is a small, soft, plastic tube placed through the nose (NG) or mouth (OG) into the stomach. These tubes are used to provide feedings and medicines into the stomach until the baby can take food by mouth.WHY IS A FEEDING TUBE USED?Feeding from the breast or bottle requires strength and coordination. Sick or premature babies may not be able to suck or swallow well enough to bottle or breastfeed. Tube feedings allow the baby to get some or all of their feeding into the stomach. This is the most efficient and safest way to provide good nutrition. Oral medicines can also be given through the tube.PrematureA premature infant is a baby born before 37 completed weeks of gestation (more than 3 weeks before the due date).Read Article Now Book Mark Article HOW IS A FEEDING TUBE PLACED?A feeding tube is gently placed through the nose or mouth into the stomach. An x-ray can confirm correct placement. In babies with feeding problems, the tip of the tube may be placed past the stomach into the small intestine. This provides slower, continuous feedings.WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF A FEEDING TUBE?Feeding tubes are generally very safe and effective. However, problems may occur, even when the tube is placed properly. These include:Irritation of the nose, mouth, or stomach, causing minor bleeding Stuffy nose or infection of the nose if the tube is placed through the noseIf the tube is misplaced and not in the proper position, the baby may have problems with:An abnormally slow heart rate (bradycardia) Breathing Spitting upIn rare cases, the feeding tube can puncture the stomach.Open ReferencesReferencesGeorge DE, Dokler ML. Tubes for enteric access. In: Wyllie R, Hyams JS, Kay M, eds. Pediatric Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 87.Poindexter BB, Martin CR. Nutrient requirements/nutritional support in premature neonate. In: Martin RJ, Fanaroff AA, Walsh MC, eds. Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 41.AllVideoImagesTogFeeding tube - illustration A feeding tube is a small, soft, plastic tube placed through the nose or mouth into the stomach. A feeding tube is used to provide food and medicine into the stomach until a person can take food by mouth.Feeding tubeillustrationFeeding tube - illustration A feeding tube is a small, soft, plastic tube placed through the nose or mouth into the stomach. A feeding tube is used to provide food and medicine into the stomach until a person can take food by mouth.Feeding tubeillustrationA Closer Look Ear infections(In-Depth)Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn(In-Depth)Otitis media(Alt. Medicine)Anemia(In-Depth)Urinary tract infection(In-Depth)Appendicitis(Alt. Medicine)Lyme disease and related tick-borne infections(In-Depth)Self Care Heart failure in children - home careGastrostomy feeding tube - bolusRelated Information Review Date: 5/27/2020 Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.