BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuRobotic surgeryRobot-assisted surgery; Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery; Laparoscopic surgery with robotic assistanceRobotic surgery is a method to perform surgery using very small tools attached to a robotic arm. The surgeon controls the robotic arm with a computer. Description You will be given general anesthesia so that you are asleep and pain-free.The surgeon sits at a computer station and directs the movements of a robot. Small surgical tools are attached to the robot's arms.The surgeon makes small cuts to insert the instruments into your body. A thin tube with a camera attached to the end of it (endoscope) allows the surgeon to view enlarged 3-D images of your body as the surgery is taking place. The robot matches the doctor's hand movements to perform the procedure using the tiny instruments. Why the Procedure Is Performed Robotic surgery is similar to laparoscopic surgery. It can be performed through smaller cuts than open surgery. The small, precise movements that are possible with this type of surgery give it some advantages over standard endoscopic techniques.EndoscopicEndoscopy is a way of looking inside the body using a flexible tube that has a small camera and light on the end of it. This instrument is called an...Read Article Now Book Mark Article The surgeon can make small, precise movements using this method. This can allow the surgeon to do a procedure through a small cut that once could be done only with open surgery.Once the robotic arm is placed in the abdomen, it is easier for the surgeon to use the surgical tools than with laparoscopic surgery through an endoscope.The surgeon can also see the area where the surgery is performed more easily. This method lets the surgeon move in a more comfortable way, as well.Robotic surgery can take longer to perform. This is due to the amount of time needed to set up the robot. Also, some hospitals may not have access to this method. However, it is becoming more common.Robotic surgery may be used for a number of different procedures, including:Coronary artery bypass Cutting away cancer tissue from sensitive parts of the body such as blood vessels, nerves, or important body organs Gallbladder removal Gallbladder removalLaparoscopic gallbladder removal is surgery to remove the gallbladder using a medical device called a laparoscope. The gallbladder is an organ that s...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Hip replacement Hip replacementHip joint replacement is surgery to replace all or part of the hip joint with a man-made joint. The artificial joint is called a prosthesis....Read Article Now Book Mark Article Hysterectomy HysterectomyHysterectomy is surgery to remove a woman's womb (uterus). The uterus is a hollow muscular organ that nourishes the developing baby during pregnancy...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Total or partial kidney removal Total or partial kidney removalKidney removal, or nephrectomy, is surgery to remove all or part of a kidney. It may involve:Part of one kidney removed (partial nephrectomy). All o...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Kidney transplant Kidney transplantA kidney transplant is surgery to place a healthy kidney into a person with kidney failure.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Mitral valve repair Mitral valve repairMitral valve surgery is surgery to either repair or replace the mitral valve in your heart. Blood flows from the lungs and enters a pumping chamber o...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Pyeloplasty (surgery to correct ureteropelvic junction obstruction) Ureteropelvic junction obstructionUreteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is a blockage at the point where part of the kidney attaches to one of the tubes to the bladder (ureters). ...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Pyloroplasty PyloroplastyPyloroplasty is surgery to widen the opening in the lower part of the stomach (pylorus) so that stomach contents can empty into the small intestine (...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Radical prostatectomy Radical prostatectomyRadical prostatectomy (prostate removal) is surgery to remove all of the prostate gland and some of the tissue around it. It is done to treat prosta...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Radical cystectomy Tubal ligationTubal ligationTubal ligation is surgery to close a woman's fallopian tubes. (It is sometimes called "tying the tubes. ") The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries t...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Robotic surgery cannot always be used or be the best method of surgery. Risks The risks for any anesthesia and surgery include: Reactions to medicines Breathing problems Bleeding Infection Robotic surgery has as many risks as open and laparoscopic surgery. However, the risks are different. Before the Procedure You cannot have any food or fluid for 8 hours before the surgery. You may need to cleanse your bowels with an enema or laxative the day before surgery for some types of procedures.Stop taking aspirin, blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin) or Plavix, anti-inflammatory medicines, vitamins, or other supplements 10 days before the procedure. After the Procedure You will be taken to a recovery room after the procedure. Depending on the type of surgery performed, you may have to stay in the hospital overnight or for a couple of days.You should be able to walk within a day after the procedure. How soon you are active will depend on the surgery that was done.Avoid heavy lifting or straining until your doctor gives you the OK. Your doctor may tell you not to drive for at least a week. Outlook (Prognosis) Surgical cuts are smaller than with traditional open surgery. Benefits include:Faster recovery Less pain and bleeding Less risk for infection Shorter hospital stay Smaller scars Open ReferencesReferencesDalela D, Borchert A, Sood A, Peabody J. Basics of robotic surgery. In: Smith JA Jr, Howards SS, Preminger GM, Dmochowski RR, eds. Hinman's Atlas of Urologic Surgery. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 7.Ellis DB, Albrecht M. Anesthesia for robotic surgery. In: Gropper MA, ed. Miller's Anesthesia. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 71.Woo Y, Fong Y. Robotic surgery. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 16.AllVideoImagesTogRelated Information Review Date: 4/18/2021 Reviewed By: Kelly L. Stratton, MD, FACS, Associate Professor, Department of Urology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.