BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuPelvis MRI scanMRI - pelvis; Pelvic MRI with prostate probe; Magnetic resonance imaging - pelvisA pelvis MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan is an imaging test that uses a machine with powerful magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the area between the hip bones. This part of the body is called the pelvic area.Structures inside and near the pelvis include the bladder, prostate and other male reproductive organs, female reproductive organs, lymph nodes, large bowel, small bowel, and pelvic bones.An MRI does not use radiation. Single MRI images are called slices. The images are stored on a computer or printed on film. One exam produces dozens or sometimes hundreds of images.MRIA magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is an imaging test that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the body. It does not us...Read Article Now Book Mark Article How the Test is Performed You may be asked to wear a hospital gown or clothing without metal fasteners. Certain types of metal can cause inaccurate images.You lie on your back on a narrow table. The table slides into the middle of the MRI machine.Small devices, called coils, may be placed around your hip area. These devices help send and receive the radio waves. They also improve the quality of the images. If pictures of the prostate and rectum are needed, a small coil may be placed into your rectum. This coil must stay in place for about 30 minutes while the images are taken.Some exams require a special dye, called contrast media. The dye is most often given before the test through a vein (IV) in your hand or forearm. The dye helps the radiologist see certain areas more clearly.During the MRI, the person who operates the machine will watch you from another room. The test typically lasts 30 to 60 minutes, but may take longer. How to Prepare for the Test You may be asked not to eat or drink anything for 4 to 6 hours before the scan.Tell your health care provider if you are afraid of close spaces (have claustrophobia). You may be given a medicine to help you relax and be less anxious. Or, your provider may suggest an open MRI, in which the machine is not as close to the body.Before the test, tell your provider if you have:Brain aneurysm clips Artificial heart valves Heart defibrillator or pacemaker Inner ear (cochlear) implants Kidney disease or dialysis (you may not be able to receive contrast) Recently placed artificial joints Vascular stents StentsA stent is a tiny tube placed into a hollow structure in your body. This structure can be an artery, a vein, or another structure such as the tube t...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Pain pumps Worked with sheet metal in the past (you may need tests to check for metal pieces in your eyes) Because the MRI contains strong magnets, metal objects are not allowed into the room with the MRI scanner:Pens, pocket knives, and eyeglasses may fly across the room. Items such as jewelry, watches, credit cards, and hearing aids can be damaged. Pins, hairpins, metal zippers, and similar metallic items can distort the images. Removable dental work should be taken out just before the scan. How the Test will Feel An MRI exam causes no pain. If you have difficulty lying still or are very nervous, you may be given a medicine to relax you. Too much movement can blur MRI images and cause errors.The table may be hard or cold, but you can request a blanket or pillow. The machine produces loud thumping and humming noises when turned on. You can wear ear plugs to help reduce the noise.An intercom in the room allows you to speak to someone at any time. Some MRIs have televisions and special headphones that you can use to help the time pass.There is no recovery time, unless you were given a medicine to relax. After an MRI scan, you can resume your normal diet, activity, and medicines. Why the Test is Performed This test may be done if a female has any of the following signs or symptoms:Abnormal vaginal bleeding A mass in the pelvis (felt during a pelvic exam or seen on another imaging test) Fibroids FibroidsUterine fibroids are tumors that grow in a woman's womb (uterus). These growths are typically not cancerous (benign).Read Article Now Book Mark Article A pelvic mass that occurs during pregnancy Endometriosis (usually only done after ultrasound) Pain in the lower belly (abdominal) area Unexplained infertility (usually only done after ultrasound) Unexplained pelvic pain (usually only done after ultrasound) This test may be done if a male has any of the following signs or symptoms:Lumps or swelling in the testicles or scrotum Undescended testicle (unable to be seen using ultrasound) Unexplained pelvic or lower abdominal pain Unexplained urination problems, including trouble starting or stopping urinating A pelvic MRI may be done in both males and females who have:Abnormal findings on an x-ray of the pelvis Birth defects of the hips Injury or trauma to the hip area Unexplained hip pain A pelvic MRI is also often done to see if certain cancers have spread to other areas of the body. This is called staging. Staging helps guide future treatment and follow-up. It gives you some idea of what to expect in the future. A pelvic MRI may be used to help stage cervical, uterine, bladder, rectal, prostate, and testicular cancers. Normal Results A normal result means your pelvic area appears normal. What Abnormal Results Mean Abnormal results in a woman may be due to:Adenomyosis of the uterus AdenomyosisAdenomyosis is a thickening of the walls of the uterus. It occurs when endometrial tissue grows into the outer muscular walls of the uterus. Endome...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Bladder cancer Bladder cancerBladder cancer is a cancer that starts in the bladder. The bladder is the body part that holds and releases urine. It is in the center of the lower...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Cervical cancer Cervical cancerCervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Colorectal cancer Colorectal cancerColorectal cancer is cancer that starts in the large intestine (colon) or the rectum (end of the colon). Other types of cancer can affect the colon. ...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Congenital defect of the reproductive organs Endometrial cancer Endometrial cancerEndometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus (womb).Read Article Now Book Mark Article Endometriosis EndometriosisEndometriosis occurs when cells from the lining of your womb (uterus) grow in other areas of your body. This can cause pain, heavy bleeding, bleedin...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancerOvarian cancer is cancer that starts in the ovaries. The ovaries are the female reproductive organs that produce eggs.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Ovarian growths Ovarian growthsAn ovarian cyst is a sac filled with fluid that forms on or inside an ovary. This article is about cysts that form during your monthly menstrual cycl...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Problem with the structure of the reproductive organs, such as the fallopian tubes Uterine fibroidsUterine fibroidsUterine fibroids are tumors that grow in a woman's womb (uterus). These growths are typically not cancerous (benign).Read Article Now Book Mark Article Abnormal results in a man may be due to:Bladder cancer Bladder cancerBladder cancer is a cancer that starts in the bladder. The bladder is the body part that holds and releases urine. It is in the center of the lower...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Colorectal cancer Colorectal cancerColorectal cancer is cancer that starts in the large intestine (colon) or the rectum (end of the colon). Other types of cancer can affect the colon. ...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Prostate cancer Prostate cancerProstate cancer is cancer that starts in the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped structure that makes up part of a man's reproduc...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Testicular cancerTesticular cancerTesticular cancer is cancer that starts in the testicles. The testicles are the male reproductive glands located in the scrotum.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Abnormal results in both males and females may be due to:Avascular necrosis of the hip Birth defects of the hip joint Bone tumor Hip fracture Osteoarthritis OsteoarthritisOsteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder. It is due to aging and wear and tear on a joint.Read Article Now Book Mark Article OsteomyelitisOsteomyelitisOsteomyelitis is a bone infection. It is mainly caused by bacteria or other germs.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Talk to your provider if you have questions and concerns. Risks MRI contains no radiation. To date, no side effects from the magnetic fields and radio waves have been reported.The most common type of contrast (dye) used is gadolinium. It is very safe. Allergic reactions to the substance rarely occur. But gadolinium can be harmful to people with kidney problems who require dialysis. If you have kidney problems, tell your provider before the test.The strong magnetic fields created during an MRI can interfere with pacemakers and other implants. People with most cardiac pacemakers cannot have an MRI and should not enter an MRI area. Some newer pacemakers are made that are safe with MRI. You will need to confirm with your provider if your pacemaker is safe in an MRI. Considerations Tests that may be done instead of a pelvic MRI include:CT scan of the pelvic area CT scan of the pelvic areaA computed tomography (CT) scan of the pelvis is an imaging method that uses x-rays to create cross-sectional pictures of the area between the hip bo...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Vaginal ultrasound (in women) X-ray of the pelvic area A CT scan may be done in emergency cases, since it is faster and most often available in the emergency room.Open ReferencesReferencesChernecky CC, Berger BJ. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - diagnostic. In: Chernecky CC, Berger BJ, eds. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures. 6th ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:754-757.Kwak ES, Laifer-Narin SL, Hecht EM. Imaging of the female pelvis. In: Torigian DA, Ramchandani P, eds. Radiology Secrets Plus. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 38.Major NM, Anderson MW, Helms CA, Kaplan PA, Dussault R. Hips and pelvis. In: Major NM, Anderson MW, Helms CA, Kaplan PA, Dussault R, eds. Musculoskeletal MRI. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 14.Padmanabhan P. Surgical, radiographic, and endoscopic anatomy of the female pelvis. In: Partin AW, Dmochowski RR, Kavoussi LR, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 108.Roth CG, Deshmukh S. MRI of the uterus, cervix, and vagina. In: Roth CG, Deshmukh S, eds. Fundamentals of Body MRI. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 9.AllVideoImagesTog Tests for Pelvis MRI scan Pelvis MRI scanPelvic CT scanRelated Information Review Date: 1/1/2021 Reviewed By: Jason Levy, MD, Northside Radiology Associates, Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. 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