BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuLaparoscopic gallbladder removalCholecystectomy - laparoscopic; Gallbladder - laparoscopic surgery; Gallstones - laparoscopic surgery; Cholecystitis - laparoscopic surgeryLaparoscopic gallbladder removal is surgery to remove the gallbladder using a medical device called a laparoscope.The gallbladder is an organ that sits below the liver. It stores bile, which your body uses to digest fats in the small intestine. Description Surgery using a laparoscope is the most common way to remove the gallbladder. A laparoscope is a thin, lighted tube that lets the doctor see inside your belly.Gallbladder removal surgery is done while you are under general anesthesia so you will be asleep and pain-free.General anesthesiaGeneral anesthesia is treatment with certain medicines that puts you into a deep sleep so you do not feel pain during surgery. After you receive the...Read Article Now Book Mark Article The operation is done the following way:The surgeon makes 3 to 4 small cuts in your belly. The laparoscope is inserted through one of the cuts. Other medical instruments are inserted through the other cuts. Gas is pumped into your belly to expand the space. This gives the surgeon more room to see and work.The gallbladder is then removed using the laparoscope and other instruments.An x-ray called a cholangiogram may be done during your surgery.CholangiogramA percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram (PTC) is an x-ray of the bile ducts. These are the tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article To do this test, dye is injected into your common bile duct and an x-ray picture is taken. The dye helps find stones that may be outside your gallbladder. If other stones are found, the surgeon may remove them with a special instrument.Sometimes the surgeon cannot safely take out the gallbladder using a laparoscope. In this case, the surgeon will use open surgery, in which a larger cut is made.Open surgeryOpen gallbladder removal is surgery to remove the gallbladder through a large cut in your abdomen. The gallbladder is an organ that sits below the li...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Why the Procedure Is Performed You may need this surgery if you have pain or other symptoms from gallstones. You may also need it if your gallbladder is not working normally. GallstonesGallstones are hard deposits that form inside the gallbladder. These may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Common symptoms may include:Indigestion, including bloating, heartburn, and gas IndigestionIndigestion (dyspepsia) is a mild discomfort in the upper belly or abdomen. It often occurs during or right after eating. It may feel like:Heat, bu...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Pain after eating, usually in the upper right or upper middle area of your belly (epigastric pain) Nausea and vomitingNausea and vomitingNausea is feeling an urge to vomit. It is often called "being sick to your stomach. "Vomiting or throwing-up is forcing the contents of the stomach ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Most people have a quicker recovery and fewer problems with laparoscopic surgery than with open surgery. Risks Risks for anesthesia and surgery in general include:Reactions to medicines Breathing problems Breathing problemsBreathing difficulty may involve:Difficult breathing Uncomfortable breathingFeeling like you are not getting enough airImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Bleeding, blood clots BleedingBleeding is the loss of blood. Bleeding may be:Inside the body (internally) Outside the body (externally)Bleeding may occur:Inside the body when blo...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Blood clotsBlood clots are clumps that occur when blood hardens from a liquid to a solid. A blood clot that forms inside one of your veins or arteries is calle...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Infection Risks for gallbladder surgery include:Damage to the blood vessels that go to the liver Injury to the common bile duct Injury to the small intestine or colon Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) Before the Procedure You may have the following tests done before your surgery:Blood tests (complete blood count, electrolytes, and kidney tests) Complete blood countA complete blood count (CBC) test measures the following:The number of red blood cells (RBC count)The number of white blood cells (WBC count)The tota...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article ElectrolytesThe electrolytes - urine test measures specific chemicals called electrolytes in urine. It most often measures the levels of calcium, chloride, pota...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Chest x-ray or electrocardiogram (ECG), for some people Chest x-rayA chest x-ray is an x-ray of the chest, lungs, heart, large arteries, ribs, and diaphragm.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article ElectrocardiogramAn electrocardiogram (ECG) is a test that records the electrical activity of the heart.ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Several x-rays of the gallbladder Ultrasound of the gallbladder Tell your health care provider:If you are or might be pregnant What medicines, vitamins, and other supplements you are taking, even ones you bought without a prescription During the week before surgery:You may be asked to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), vitamin E, warfarin (Coumadin), and any other drugs that put you at higher risk of bleeding during surgery. Ask your doctor which drugs you should still take on the day of your surgery. Prepare your home for any problems you might have getting around after the surgery. Prepare your homeGetting your home ready after you have been in the hospital often requires much preparation. Set up your home to make your life easier and safer when...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Your doctor or nurse will tell you when to arrive at the hospital.On the day of surgery:Follow instructions about when to stop eating and drinking. Take the drugs your doctor told you to take with a small sip of water. Shower the night before or the morning of your surgery. Arrive at the hospital on time. After the Procedure If you do not have any problems, you will be able to go home when you are able to drink liquids easily and your pain can be treated with pain pills. Most people go home on the same day or the day after this surgery.If there were problems during surgery, or if you have bleeding, a lot of pain, or a fever, you may need to stay in the hospital longer. Outlook (Prognosis) Most people recover quickly and have good results from this procedure.Open ReferencesReferencesRadkani P, Hawksworth J, Fishbein T. Biliary system. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 21st ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier; 2022:chap 55.Rocha FG, Clanton J. Technique of cholecystectomy: open and minimally invasive. In: Jarnagin WR, ed. Blumgart's Surgery of the Liver, Biliary Tract and Pancreas. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 35.AllVideoImagesTogGallbladder - illustration The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores and concentrates the bile produced in the liver. Bile is released from the gallbladder in response to food, especially fats, in the upper small intestine.GallbladderillustrationGallbladder anatomy - illustration The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores and concentrates the bile produced in the liver.Gallbladder anatomyillustrationLaparoscopic surgery - series - IncisionPresentation Gallbladder - illustration The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores and concentrates the bile produced in the liver. Bile is released from the gallbladder in response to food, especially fats, in the upper small intestine.GallbladderillustrationGallbladder anatomy - illustration The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores and concentrates the bile produced in the liver.Gallbladder anatomyillustration Laparoscopic surgery - series - IncisionPresentation A Closer Look Gallstones and gallbladder disease(In-Depth)Related Information Open gallbladder removal(Surgery)Chronic cholecystitis(Condition)Acute cholecystitis(Condition)Gallstones(Condition)Surgical wound care - open(Self-Care)Bland diet(Self-Care)When you have nausea and vomiting(Self-Care)Gallstones and gallbladder disease(In-Depth) Review Date: 9/19/2021 Reviewed By: Debra G. Wechter, MD, FACS, General Surgery Practice Specializing in Breast Cancer, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. 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