BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuLaminectomyLumbar decompression; Decompressive laminectomy; Spine surgery - laminectomy; Back pain - laminectomy; Stenosis - laminectomyLaminectomy is surgery to remove the lamina. This is part of the bone that makes up a vertebra in the spine. Laminectomy may also be done to remove bone spurs or a herniated (slipped) disk in your spine. The procedure can take pressure off your spinal nerves or spinal cord. Description Laminectomy opens up your spinal canal so your spinal nerves have more room. It may be done along with a diskectomy, foraminotomy, and spinal fusion. You will be asleep and feel no pain (general anesthesia).DiskectomyDiskectomy is surgery to remove all or part of the cushion that helps support part of your spinal column. These cushions are called disks, and they ...Read Article Now Book Mark Article ForaminotomyForaminotomy is surgery that widens the opening in your spine where nerve roots leave your spinal canal. You may have a narrowing of the nerve openi...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Spinal fusionSpinal fusion is surgery to permanently join together two or more bones in the spine so there is no movement between them. These bones are called ve...Read Article Now Book Mark Article During surgery:You usually lie on your belly on the operating table. The surgeon makes an incision (cut) in the middle of your back or neck. The skin, muscles, and ligaments are moved to the side. Your surgeon may use a surgical microscope to see inside your back. Part or all of the lamina bones may be removed on both sides of your spine, along with the spinous process, the sharp part of your spine. Your surgeon removes any small disk fragments, bone spurs, or other soft tissue. The surgeon may also do a foraminotomy at this time to widen the opening where nerve roots travel out of the spine. Your surgeon may do a spinal fusion to make sure your spinal column is stable after surgery. The muscles and other tissues are put back in place. The skin is sewn together. Surgery takes 1 to 3 hours. Why the Procedure Is Performed Laminectomy is often done to treat spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal column). The procedure removes bones and damaged disks, and makes more room for your spinal nerve and column.Spinal stenosisSpinal stenosis is narrowing of the spinal column that causes pressure on the spinal cord, or narrowing of the openings (called neural foramina) wher...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Your symptoms may be:Pain or numbness in one or both legs. Pain around your shoulder blade area. You may feel weakness or heaviness in your buttocks or legs. You may have problems emptying or controlling your bladder and bowel. You are more likely to have symptoms, or worse symptoms, when you are standing or walking. You and your doctor can decide when you need to have surgery for these symptoms. Spinal stenosis symptoms often become worse over time, but this may happen very slowly.When your symptoms become more severe and interfere with your daily life or your job, surgery may help. Risks Risks of anesthesia and surgery in general are:Reaction to medicine or breathing problems Breathing problemsBreathing difficulty may involve:Difficult breathing Uncomfortable breathingFeeling like you are not getting enough airRead Article Now Book Mark Article Bleeding, blood clots, or infection BleedingBleeding is the loss of blood. Bleeding may be:Inside the body (internally) Outside the body (externally)Bleeding may occur:Inside the body when blo...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Blood clotsBlood clots are clumps that occur when blood hardens from a liquid to a solid. A blood clot that forms inside one of your veins or arteries is calle...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Risks of spine surgery are:Infection in wound or vertebral bones Damage to a spinal nerve, causing weakness, pain, or loss of feeling Partial or no relief of pain after surgery Return of back pain in the future Spinal fluid leak that can lead to headachesIf you have spinal fusion, your spinal column above and below the fusion is more likely to give you problems in the future. Before the Procedure You will have an x-ray of your spine. You may also have an MRI or CT myelogram before the procedure to confirm that you have spinal stenosis. You may also have had spinal injections beforehand to determine the part of the spine that is giving you the symptoms.MRIA magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is an imaging test that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the body. It does not us...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Tell your health care provider what medicines you are taking. This includes medicines, supplements, or herbs you bought without a prescription.During the days before the surgery:Prepare your home for when you leave the hospital. Prepare your homeGetting your home ready after you have been in the hospital often requires much preparation. Set up your home to make your life easier and safer when...Read Article Now Book Mark Article If you are a smoker, you need to stop. People who have spinal fusion and continue to smoke may not heal as well. Ask your doctor for help. For the one week before surgery, you may be asked to stop taking blood thinners. Some of these drugs are aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn). If you are taking warfarin (Coumadin), dabigatran (Pradaxa), apixaban (Eliquis), rivaroxaban (Xarelto), or clopidogrel (Plavix), talk with your surgeon before stopping or changing how you take these drugs. If you have diabetes, heart disease, or other medical problems, your surgeon will ask you to see your regular doctor. DiabetesDiabetes is a long-term (chronic) disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Heart diseaseCoronary heart disease is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is also cal...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Talk with your surgeon if you have been drinking a lot of alcohol. Ask your surgeon which medicines you should still take on the day of the surgery. Let your surgeon know right away if you get a cold, flu, fever, herpes breakout, or other illnesses you may have. You may want to visit a physical therapist to learn some exercises to do before surgery and to practice using crutches. On the day of the surgery:You will likely be asked not to drink or eat anything for 6 to 12 hours before the procedure. Take the medicines your doctor told you to take with a small sip of water. Your provider will tell you when to arrive at the hospital. Be sure to arrive on time. After the Procedure Your provider will encourage you to get up and walk around as soon as the anesthesia wears off, if you did not also have spinal fusion.Most people go home 1 to 3 days after their surgery. At home, follow instructions on how to care for your wound and back.Care for your wound and backYou were in the hospital for spine surgery. You probably had a problem with one or more disks. A disk is a cushion that separates the bones in your...Read Article Now Book Mark Article You should be able to drive within a week or two and resume light work after 4 weeks. Outlook (Prognosis) Laminectomy for spinal stenosis often provides full or some relief from symptoms.Future spine problems are possible for all people after spine surgery. If you had laminectomy and spinal fusion, the spinal column above and below the fusion are more likely to have problems in the future. You could have other future problems if you needed more than one kind of procedure in addition to the laminectomy (diskectomy, foraminotomy, or spinal fusion).DiskectomyDiskectomy is surgery to remove all or part of the cushion that helps support part of your spinal column. These cushions are called disks, and they ...Read Article Now Book Mark Article ForaminotomyForaminotomy is surgery that widens the opening in your spine where nerve roots leave your spinal canal. You may have a narrowing of the nerve openi...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Open ReferencesReferencesBell GR. Laminotomy, laminectomy, laminoplasty, and foraminotomy. In: Steinmetz MP, Benzel EC, eds. Benzel's Spine Surgery. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 78.Derman PB, Rihn J, Albert TJ. Surgical management of lumbar spinal stenosis. In: Garfin SR, Eismont FJ, Bell GR, Fischgrund JS, Bono CM, eds. Rothman-Simeone and Herkowitz's The Spine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 63.AllVideoImagesTogRelated Information Spinal stenosis(Condition)Sciatica(Condition)Taking care of your back at home(Special Topic)Spinal fusion(Surgery)Neck pain(Symptoms)Diskectomy(Surgery)Foraminotomy(Surgery)Low back pain - acute(Condition)Low back pain - chronic(Condition)Spine surgery - discharge(Discharge)Back pain and sciatica(In-Depth) Review Date: 11/12/2020 Reviewed By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. 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