BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuLow-salt diet Low-sodium diet; Salt restrictionToo much sodium in your diet can be bad for you. If you have high blood pressure or heart failure, you may be asked to limit the amount of salt (which contains sodium) you eat every day. These tips will help you choose foods that are lower in sodium.High blood pressureBlood pressure is a measurement of the force exerted against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood to your body. Hypertension is the ...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Heart failureHeart failure is a condition in which the heart is no longer able to pump oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body efficiently. This causes symptom...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Salt and Your DietYour body needs salt to work properly. Salt contains sodium. Sodium helps your body control many functions. Too much sodium in your diet can be bad for you. For most people, dietary sodium comes from salt that is in or added to their food.If you have high blood pressure or heart failure, you will likely be asked to limit how much salt you eat every day. Even people with normal blood pressure will have lower (and healthier) blood pressure if they lower how much salt they eat.Dietary sodium is measured in milligrams (mg). Your health care provider may tell you to eat no more than 2,300 mg a day when you have these conditions. A measuring teaspoon of table salt contains 2,300 mg of sodium. For some people, 1,500 mg a day is an even better goal.Limiting Salt in Your DietEating a variety of foods every day can help you limit salt. Try to eat a balanced diet.Buy fresh vegetables and fruits whenever possible. They are naturally low in salt. Canned foods often contain salt to preserve the color of the food and keep it looking fresh. For this reason, it is better to buy fresh foods. Also buy:Fresh meats, chicken or turkey, and fish Fresh or frozen vegetables and fruitsLook for these words on labels:LabelsFood labels give you information about the calories, number of servings, and nutrient content of packaged foods. Reading the labels can help you mak...ImageRead Article Now Book Mark Article Low-sodium Sodium-free No salt added Sodium-reduced UnsaltedCheck all labels for how much salt foods contain per serving.Ingredients are listed in order of the amount the food contains. Avoid foods that list salt near the top of the list of ingredients. A product with less than 100 mg of salt per serving is good.Stay away from foods that are always high in salt. Some common ones are:Processed foods, such as cured or smoked meats, bacon, hot dogs, sausage, bologna, ham, and salami Anchovies, olives, pickles, and sauerkraut Soy and Worcestershire sauces, tomato and other vegetable juices, and most cheeses Many bottled salad dressings and salad dressing mixes Most snack foods, such as chips, crackers, and othersWhen you cook, replace salt with other seasonings. Pepper, garlic, herbs, and lemon are good choices. Avoid packaged spice blends. They often contain salt.Use garlic and onion powder, not garlic and onion salt. Don't eat foods with monosodium glutamate (MSG).When you go out to eat, stick to steamed, grilled, baked, boiled, and broiled foods with no added salt, sauce, or cheese. If you think the restaurant might use MSG, ask them not to add it to your order.Use oil and vinegar on salads. Add fresh or dried herbs. Eat fresh fruit or sorbet for dessert, when you have dessert. Take the salt shaker off your table. Replace it with a salt-free seasoning mix.Ask your provider or pharmacist what antacids and laxatives contain little or no salt, if you need these medicines. Some have a lot of salt in them.Home water softeners add salt to water. If you have one, limit how much tap water you drink. Drink bottled water instead.Ask your provider if a salt substitute is safe for you. Many contain a lot of potassium. This may be harmful if you have certain medical conditions or if you are taking certain medicines. However, if extra potassium in your diet would not be harmful to you, a salt substitute is a good way to lower the amount of sodium in your diet.Open ReferencesReferencesEckel RH, Jakicic JM, Ard JD, et al. 2013 AHA/ACC guideline on lifestyle management to reduce cardiovascular risk: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on practice guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014;63(25 Pt B):2960-2984. PMID: 24239922 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24239922/.Elijovich F, Weinberger MH, Anderson CA, et al. Salt sensitivity of blood pressure: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Hypertension. 2016;68(3):e7-e46. PMID: 27443572 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27443572/.Hensrud DD, Heimburger DC. Nutrition's interface with health and disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 202.Rayner B, Charlton KE, Derman W. Nonpharmacologic prevention and treatment of hypertension. In: Feehally J, Floege J, Tonelli M, Johnson RJ, eds. Comprehensive Clinical Nephrology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 35.US Department of Agriculture and US Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025. 9th ed. www.dietaryguidelines.gov/sites/default/files/2020-12/Dietary_Guidelines_for_Americans_2020-2025.pdf. Updated December 2020. Accessed December 30, 2020.Victor RG, Libby P. Systemic hypertension: management. In: Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann DL, Tomaselli GF, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 47.AllVideoImagesTogLow sodium diet - illustration If you have high blood pressure or heart, liver, or kidney problems, your health care provider may suggest you lower your sodium intake. Look for these words on labels low-sodium, sodium-free, no salt added, or unsalted. Check all labels to see how many milligrams of sodium there are per serving. Be sure to note how many servings there are in the package. Also, avoid foods that list salt near the top of the list of ingredients. Try to choose foods that have 140 milligrams or less of sodium per serving.Low sodium dietillustrationLow sodium diet - illustration If you have high blood pressure or heart, liver, or kidney problems, your health care provider may suggest you lower your sodium intake. Look for these words on labels low-sodium, sodium-free, no salt added, or unsalted. Check all labels to see how many milligrams of sodium there are per serving. Be sure to note how many servings there are in the package. Also, avoid foods that list salt near the top of the list of ingredients. Try to choose foods that have 140 milligrams or less of sodium per serving.Low sodium dietillustrationSelf Care Low-salt diet Low FODMAP dietCooking without saltUnderstanding the DASH dietDiet-busting foodsSimple, heart-smart substitutionsFeeding patterns and diet - children 6 months to 2 yearsHealthy grocery shoppingHeart failure - fluids and diureticsFast food tips Tests for Low-salt diet Renin blood testAldosterone blood testRelated Information Heart bypass surgery(Surgery)Angioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery(Surgery)Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive(Surgery)Cardiac ablation procedures (Surgery)Heart pacemaker(Surgery)Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator(Surgery)Heart failure(Condition)High blood cholesterol levels(Condition)High blood pressure - adults(Condition)Angina(Condition)Cholesterol and lifestyle(Self-Care)Controlling your high blood pressure(Self-Care)Dietary fats explained(Self-Care)Fast food tips(Self-Care)Heart disease - risk factors(Self-Care)How to read food labels(Self-Care)Mediterranean diet(Self-Care)Heart failure - discharge(Discharge)Stroke - discharge (Discharge)Heart attack - discharge(Discharge)High blood pressure(In-Depth)Heart-healthy diet(In-Depth) Review Date: 7/13/2020 Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.