BACK TOTOP Browse A-ZSearchBrowse A-ZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0-9 E-mail FormEmail ResultsName:Email address:Recipients Name:Recipients address:Message: Print-FriendlyBookmarksbookmarks-menuColonoscopy dischargeLower endoscopyA colonoscopy is an exam that views the inside of the colon (large intestine) and rectum, using a tool called a colonoscope.The colonoscope has a small camera attached to a flexible tube that can reach the length of the colon.When you Were in the Hospital or ClinicThis is what the procedure involved:You were likely given medicine into a vein (IV) to help you relax. You should not feel any pain. Medicine into a vein (IV)Conscious sedation is a combination of medicines to help you relax (a sedative) and to block pain (an anesthetic) during a medical or dental procedur...Read Article Now Book Mark Article The colonoscope was gently inserted through the anus and was carefully moved into the large intestine. Air was inserted through the scope to provide a better view. Tissue samples (biopsy or polyps) may have been removed using tiny tools inserted through the scope. Photos may have been taken using the camera at the end of the scope. BiopsyA biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue for laboratory examination.Read Article Now Book Mark Article PolypsA colorectal polyp is a growth on the lining of the colon or rectum.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Right After the TestYou will be taken to an area to recover right after the test. You may wake up there and not remember how you got there.The nurse will check your blood pressure and pulse. Your IV will be removed.Your doctor will likely come to talk to you and explain the results of the test.Ask to have this information written down, as you may not remember what you were told later on. Final results for any tissue biopsies that were done may take up to 1 to 3 weeks. Getting HomeMedicines you were given can change the way you think and make it harder to remember for the rest of the day.As a result, it is NOT safe for you to drive a car or find your own way home. You will not be allowed to leave alone. You will need a friend or family member to take you home.Eating and DrinkingYou will be asked to wait 30 minutes or more before drinking. Try small sips of water first. When you can do this easily, you should begin with small amounts of solid foods. You may feel a little bloated from air pumped into your colon, and burp or pass gas more often over the day.If gas and bloating bother you, here are some things you can do:Use a heating pad Walk around Lie on your left side The Rest of the dayDo not plan to return to work for the rest of the day. It is not safe to drive or handle tools or equipment.You should also avoid making important work or legal decisions for the rest of the day, even if you believe your thinking is clear.Keep an eye on the site where the IV fluids and medicines were given. Watch for any redness or swelling. Ask your doctor which medicines or blood thinners you should start taking again and when to take them.If you had a polyp removed, your provider may ask you to avoid lifting and other activities for up to 1 week.When to Call the DoctorCall your provider if you have:Black, tarry stools Black, tarry stoolsBlack or tarry stools with a foul smell are a sign of a problem in the upper digestive tract. It most often indicates that there is bleeding in the ...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Red blood in your stool Vomiting that will not stop or vomiting blood Severe pain or cramps in your belly Chest pain Blood in your stool for more than 2 bowel movements Chills or fever over 101°F (38.3°C) No bowel movement for more than 3 to 4 days Open ReferencesReferencesBrewington JP, Pope JB. Colonoscopy. In: Fowler GC, ed. Pfenninger and Fowler's Procedures for Primary Care. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 90.Chu E. Neoplasms of the small and large intestine. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 184.AllVideoImagesTogRelated Information Review Date: 7/1/2021 Reviewed By: Michael M. Phillips, MD, Emeritus Professor of Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- © 1997- All rights reserved. A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.Content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.